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BUILDING AND SITE ACCESS FOR FIRE FIGHTING & RESCUE

IIIBUILDING AND SITE ACCESS FOR FIRE FIGHTING & RESCUETYPE-A MERCANTILE
  FIRE SAFETY PROVISIONS MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS  
A SITE ACCESS 4.0M MINIMUM CLEAR WIDTH REQUIRED
4.5M MINIMUM CLEAR HEIGHT
B ACCESS ROAD 4.0M MIN. WIDTH AND 24 TON LOAD CAPACITY REQUIRED (HABITABLE HEIGHT LESS THAN 10M)
WITHIN A TRAVEL DISTANCE OF 60M FROM EVERY POINT ON PROJECTED PLAN AREA OF ANY BUILDING.
C FIRE ENGINE HARDSTANDING LENGTH OR NUMBER BASE ON THE GROSS FLOOR AREA OF THE BUILDING REQUIRED WHEN BUILDING HABITABLE EXCEEDS 10M
6M X 15M (MINIMUM), WITH LONGER SIDE PARALLEL TO THE FACADE OF THE BUILDING
POSITIONED SO THAT THE NEARER EDGE SHALL BE NOT LESS THAN 2M OR NOT MORE THAN 10M FROM THE CENTER POSITION OF THE ACCESS OPENING, MEASURED HORIZONTALLY.
D FIRE COMMAND CENTER HIGH-RISE BUILDING AND OTHER THAN HIGH-RISE WITH EMERGENCY VOICE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND/OR SMOKE CONTROL SYSTEM REQUIRED IN EITHER PROVISIONS OF EMERGENCY VOICE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND/OR SMOKE CONTROL SYSTEM
9 SQM MINIMUM AREA (LEAST DIMENSION 2.5M)
AT LEAST WITH 1M CLEARANCE FROM ALL EQUIPMENT
2-HOURS ENCLOSURES (WALLS, OPENINGS & PENETRATIONS)
PROVIDED WITH PROMINENTLY MARKED EXTERIOR ENTRANCES
INSTEAD OF A DEDICATED FIRE RATED ROOM: LOBBIES OR OTHER SPACES ADJACENT TO THE MAIN ENTRANCE OF THE BUILDING
E FIRE LIFT BUILDINGS EQUAL OR MORE THAN 28M ABOVE ENGINE ACCESS LEVEL. NOT APPLICABLE
BUILDINGS EXCEEDS 9.0M BELOW THE LEVEL OF EXIT DISCHARGE REQUIRED
SERVES ALL HABITABLE FLOORS REQUIRED IN EVERY FIRE LIFT PROVISIONS
CONTAINED WITHIN A DEDICATED PROTECTED SHAFT
APPROACHED BY FIRE FIGHTING LOBBY AT EACH STOREY
ADJACENT AND ACCESIBLE TO AN EXIT STAIRCASE
FIRE SERVICE ACCESS ELEVATORS/FIRE LIFT AS PER NFPA 5000 (2012 Ed.) CHAPTER 54.12 (R) EXCEEDS 9.0M BELOW THE LEVEL OF EXIT DISCHARGE
AMBULANCE STRETCHER ACCOMODATION ELEVATOR/LIFT AS PER NFPA 5000 (2012 Ed.) CHAPTER 54.3 EQUAL OR MORE THAN 18M ABOVE ENGINE ACCESS LEVEL
WHEN REQUIRED, AT LEAST ONE (1) FIRE LIFT FOR EVERY 900 SQM. FLOOR AREA REQUIRED IN EVERY FIRE LIFT PROVISIONS

MEANS OF EGRESS

IVMEANS OF EGRESSTYPE-A MERCANTILE
  FIRE SAFETY PROVISIONS MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS  
A MEANS OF EGRESS GENERAL REQUIREMENTS    
1 SEPARATION OF MEANS OF EGRESS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
  EXIT ACCESS CORRIDORS SERVING AN AREA HAVING AN OCCUPANT LOAD EXCEEDING 30 1-HR FRR*
  EXITS CONNECTS 3 OR FEWER STORIES 1-HR FRR*
CONNECTS 4 OR MORE STORIES 2-HRS FRR*
  OPENING PROTECTIVE FIRE DOOR ASSEMBLIES EQUIPPED WITH DOOR CLOSERS REQUIRED
  CONSTRUCTION LIMITED OR NON-COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS REQUIRED
  OPENINGS AND PENETRATIONS IN EXIT ENCLOSURE COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
2 EXITS HEADROOM NOT LESS THAN 2285MM REQUIRED
  HEADROOM ON STAIRS NOT LESS TAHN 2285MM REQUIRED
3 WALKING SURFACES IN THE MEANS OF EGRESS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
4 CHANGES IN LEVEL IN THE MEANS OF EGRESS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
5 GUARDS PROVIDED AT THE OPEN SIDES OF MEANS OF EGRESS 760MM ABOVE THE FLOOR OR FINISHED GROUND LEVEL REQUIRED
6 IMPEDIMENT TO EGRESS   NOT PERMITTED
7 MEANS OF EGRESS RELIABILITY CONTINUOUSLY MAINTAINED FREE OF ALL OBSTRUCTION OR IMPEDIMENTS REQUIRED
  FURNISHING AND DECORATION FURNITURES, MOVABLE OBJECTS, MIRRORS, ETC. NOT PERMITTED
B MEANS OF EGRESS COMPONENTS    
1 FIRE DOORS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
SIDE-HINGE OR PIVOTED-SWINGING TYPE ANY DOOR ASSEMBLY IN A MEANS OF EGRESS REQUIRED
MINIMUM DOOR LEAF WIDTH 810MM
HORIZONTAL SLIDING DOORS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
VERTICAL ROLLING DOORS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
REVOLVING DOORS / POWERED DOORS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
SELF-CLOSING DEVICES DOORS REQUIRED TO BE NORMALLY KEPT CLOSED REQUIRED
2 STAIRS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
STANDARD STAIRS FEWER THAN 50 PERSON (CLEAR WIDTH) 915MM
1120MM
>2000 PERSON (CLEAR WIDTH) 1420MM
SPIRAL STAIRS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
CURVE STAIRS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
WINDERS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 NOT PERMITTED
GUARDS AND HANDRAILS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
ENCLOSURE AND PROTECTION OF STAIRS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
ENCLOSURES ALL INTERIOR STAIRS SERVING AS AN EXIT COMPONENT REQUIRED
DOORS FPR* < 3 STOREYS / > 3 STOREYS 1-HR FPR** / 1.5-HR FPR**
ENCLOSURES FRR* < 3 STOREYS / > 3 STOREYS 1-HR FRR** / 2-HRS FRR*
ENCLOSURE EXEMPTION PENETRATING ONE FLOOR LEVEL OR SERVING MEZZANINE ONLY PERMITTED
EXPOSURES WALLS AND OPENINGS WITHIN 3050MM HORIZONTALLY OF AN EXTERIOR STAIRWAY ENCLOSURE 1-HR FRR*
USABLE SPACE WITHIN EXIT ENCLOSURE NOT PERMITTED
LOCATION UNDER STAIRS IN ACCORDANCE WITH NFPA 101 PERMITTED
STAIRWAY IDENTIFICATION SERVING 3 OR MORE STOREYS REQUIRED
EXIT STAIR PATH MARKINGS ALL STAIR COMPONENTS REQUIRED
PERIMETER DEMARCATION MARKING COMPLYING WITH NFPA 101 REQUIRED
LOCK, LATCHES & ALARM DEVICES COMPLYING WITH NFPA 101 PERMITTED
RE-ENTRY PROVISIONS LOCKED STAIRS EXCEEDING 4 STOREYS REQUIRED
3 RAMPS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
AS SECONDARY EXIT FOR ONE (1) BASEMENT LEVEL PERMITTED
4 ROOF ACCESS BUILDING EQUAL OR MORE THAN 4 STOREYS (G+3) OR ROOFS 12M ABOVE GRADE PLANE REQUIRED
WHERE OPEN STAIR/S ARE PERMITTED AND PROVIDED IN TYPE B AND TYPE C MERCANTILE OCCUPANCY NOT REQUIRED
ONE AT EACH 9300 SQM ROOF AREA OR FLAT ROOFS OR ROOF PITCHREQUIRED
ROOF ACCESS COMPONENTS SMOKE VENTS (FIXED WALL OPENING/S) AT THE TOP OF THE STAIRWELL WITH A MINIMUM AREA OF 1.5 SQM PERMITTED UP TO 18M HABITABLE HEIGHT
STAIR ACCESS TO ROOF PROVIDED WITH OPERABLE DOORS REQUIRED
5 SMOKE PROOF ENCLOSURES FRR - FIRE RESISTANCE RATING / FRP - FIRE PROTECTION RATING  
STAIR ENCLOSURES ALL INTERIOR STAIRS SERVING AS AN EXIT COMPONENT REQUIRED
OPEN STAIR PENETRATING ONE (1) FLOOR / LEVEL ONLY PERMITTED
FIRE FIGHTING LOBBY (F/F LOBBY) IN EVERY FIRE LIFT PROVISIONS REQUIRED IN EVERY FIRE LIFT PROVISIONS
ADJACENT AND ACCESIBLE TO AN EXIT STAIRCASE
SERVES AS A COMMON LOBBY FOR BOTH FIRE LIFT AND THE ADJACENT EXIT STAIRCASE
6 SQM MINIMUM AREA (2.0M LEAST SIDE DIMENSIONS)
PROVISIONS AT THE LEVEL OF EXIT DISCHARGE NOT REQUIRED
SMOKE-STOP LOBBY (S/S LOBBY) HIGH-RISE BUILDINGS WITH HABITABLE HEIGHT HIGHER THAN 28 METERS REQUIRED
BASEMENT LEVEL/S EXCEED 9.0 M DEPTH REQUIRED ON ALL FLOOR LEVELS
BUILDING TRAVERSES MORE THAN FIVE (5) FLOOR LEVELS INCLUDING BASEMENT/S AND BELONGS TO A PLACE OF PUBLIC RESORT REGARDLESS OF THE HABITABLE HEIGHT. NOT APPLICABLE
3 SQM MIN. AREA (LEAST SIDE DIMENSION 1.8M) REQUIRED
PROVISIONS AT THE LEVEL OF EXIT DISCHARGE NR - IF EXITS COMPLIES WITH EXIT DISCHARGE REQUIREMENTS
  S/S & F/F LOBBY DOORS & WALL ENCLOSURES 1.5-HR FPR** FIRE PROTECTION RATING/ FRR* 2-HRS FIRE RESISTANCE RATING REQUIRED
6 HORIZONTAL EXITS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
7 EXIT PASSAGEWAYS ENCLOSURE AND SEPARATION FIRE RESISTANCE RATING COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
MIN. WIDTH NOT LESS THAN 2/3 OF THE WIDTH OF THE EXIT STAIR REQUIRED
8 ESCALATORS & MOVING WALKS AS PART OF THE REQUIRED MEANS OF EGRESS NOT PERMITTED
9 FIRE ESCAPE STAIRS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
10 FIRE ESCAPE LADDERS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 NOT PERMITTED
11 SLIDE ESCAPES COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
12 ALTERNATING TREAD DEVICES COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 NOT PERMITTED
13 AREAS OF REFUGE COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
14 ELEVATORS AS PART OF THE REQUIRED MEANS OF EGRESS NOT PERMITTED
AS SECOND MEANS OF EGRESS FROM A TOWER AND COMPLYING WITH ASME A17.1/CSA B44 PERMITTED
ELEVATOR DOORS OPENING INTO EXIT ENCLOSURES NOT PERMITTED
C CAPACITY OF MEANS OF EGRESS  
1 OCCUPANT LOAD SALES AREA ON STREET FLOOR 2.8 SQM / PERSON
SALES AREA ON 2 OR MORE STREET FLOORS 3.7 SQM / PERSON
SALES AREA ON FLOOR BELOW STREET FLOOR 2.8 SQM / PERSON
SALES AREA ON FLOORS ABOVE STREET FLOORS 5.6 SQM / PERSON
FLOORS OR PORTIONS OF FLOORS USED ONLY FOR STORAGE, RECEIVING AND SHIPPING AND NOT OPEN TO GENERAL PUBLIC. 27.9 SQM / PERSON
2 EGRESS CAPACITY NFPA 101 TABLE 7.3.3.1 CAPACITY FACTORS REQUIRED
STREET FLOOR EXITS SIZE: STREET FLOOR PLUS THE REQ'D CAPACITY OF ALL STAIRS & RAMPS DISCHARGING ONTO THE STREET FLOOR REQUIRED
  AISLES (LEADING DIRECTLY TO EXIT) WIDTH > REQUIRED WIDTH OF EXIT REQUIRED
CLEAR WIDTH 915 MM REQUIRED
NOT LESS THAN 1 WITH 1525 MM WIDTH REQUIRED
CARTS & BUGGIES ADEQUATE PROVISION FOR TRANSIT & PARKING REQUIRED
D NUMBER OF EXITS    
1 SINGLE EXIT IN MEZZANINES WITH EXIT TRAVEL WITHIN COMMON PATH LIMIT PERMITTED
IN ANY SECTION WITH EXIT TRAVEL WITHIN COMMON PATH LIMIT NOT PERMITTED
2 NOT LESS THAN 2 SEPARATE EXITS 50 - 500 OCCUPANTS REQUIRED
ON EVERY STORY AND ACCESIBLE FROM EVERY PART OF EVERY STORY REQUIRED
3 NOT LESS THAN THREE (3) SEPARATE EXITS EQUAL OR MORE THAN 500 OCCUPANTS REQUIRED
4 NOT LESS THAN FOUR (4) SEPARATE EXITS EQUAL OR MORE THAN 1000 OCCUPANTS REQUIRED
E ARRANGEMENT OF EXITS NS*-NOT SPRINKLERED / S**-SPRINKLERED NS* S**
1 TRAVEL DISTANCE NFPA 101 TABLE A.7.6 46M 76M
2 COMMON PATH LIMIT NFPA 101 TABLE A.7.6 23M 30M
3 DEAD-END CORRIDOR NFPA 101 TABLE A.7.6 6.1M 15M
4 EXIT DISCHARGE    
  EXTERIOR DISCHARGE (DIRECT TO BUILDING EXTERNAL) COMPLYING WITH NFPA 101 REQUIRED
  THROUGH AREAS ON LEVEL OF EXIT DISCHARGE (INTERNAL DISCHARGE) MAXIMUM 10M TRAVEL DISTANCE TO BUILDING EXTERNAL PERMITTED
50% OF THE REQUIRED NUMBER OF EXITS & 50% OF THE REQUIRED EXIT CAPACITY (SPRINKLER PROTECTED) PERMITTED
5 EXTERIOR WAYS OF EXIT COMPLYING WITH NFPA 101 PERMITTED
6 ACCESIBLE MEANS OF EGRESS EXIT PROVISIONS FOR PEOPLE WITH SEVERE MOBILITY IMPAIRMENT REQUIRED
NOT LESS THAN 2 EXITS
7 ILLUMINATION OF MEANS OF EGRESS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
8 EMERGENCY LIGHTING THE BUILDING IS THREE (3) OR MORE STORIES IN HEIGHT REQUIRED
THE OCCUPANCY IS SUBJECT TO 50 OR MORE OCCUPANTS ABOVE OR BELOW THE LEVEL OF EXIT DISCHARGE REQUIRED
THE OCCUPANCY IS SUBJECT TO 300 OR MORE TOTAL OCCUPANTS REQUIRED
9 MARKINGS OF MEANS OF EGRESS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
F SPECIAL MEANS OF EGRESS PROVISIONS    
1 FIREMEN ACCESS PANELS HABITABLE HEIGHT EXCEEDING 10M REQUIRED
2 REFUGE FLOORS HIGH-RISE BUILDING EXCEEDING 30 STORIES NOT REQUIRED
3 ELEVATORS FOR OCCUPANT CONTROLLED EVACUATION PRIOR TO PHASE 1 EMERGENCY RECALL OPERATIONS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 PERMITTED

FEATURES OF FIRE PROTECTION

VIFEATURES OF FIRE PROTECTION (NFPA 5000 TABLES 7.2.1.1, 7.3.2.1, 7.3.5 (a), (b), 7.3.5.5, 7.4.1)TYPE-A MERCANTILE
A CONSTRUCTION COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 & 8 OF NFPA 5000  
1 CONSTRUCTION (NON-COMBUSTIBLE OR LIMITED COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS) TYPE I OR TYPE II EXTERIOR BEARING WALLS HOURLY RATINGS REQUIRED PER TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION BASED ON NFPA 5000 HEIGHT & AREA REQUIREMENTS
FRAMING, COLUMNS, BEAMS, GIRDERS, TRUSSES
FLOOR CONSTRUCTION
B COMPARTMENTATION / SUBDIVISION OF BUILDING SPACES COMPLYING WITH NFPA 101 & NFPA 5000 REQUIRED
1 FIRE BARRIERS COMPLYING WITH NFPA 101 & NFPA 5000 REQUIRED
  TENANT SPACES SPRINKLER PROTECTED OR NON-SPRINKLER PROTECTED NOT REQUIRED
  STORAGE AREAS SPRINKLER PROTECTED NOT REQUIRED
NON-SPRINKLER PROTECTED 1-HR FRR*
2 SEPARATION FROM OTHER OCCUPANCIES AS PER NFPA 101 TABLE 6.1.14.4.1 (a), (b) REQUIRED
  MERCANTILE (BULK AND MALLS) SPRINKLER PROTECTED 1-HR FRR*
NON-SPRINKLER PROTECTED 2-HRS FRR*
  STORAGE (LOW/ORDINARY & HIGH HAZARD) SPRINKLER PROTECTED 1-HR FRR*
NON-SPRINKLER PROTECTED 2-HRS FRR*
3 CORRIDORS RATED SEPARATION COMPLYING WITH NFPA 101.30 &31 REQUIRED
  REQUIRED SEPARATION SPRINKLER PROTECTED NOT REQUIRED
NON-SPRINKLER PROTECTED 1-HR FRR*
4 SMOKE PARTITIONS COMPLYING WITH NFPA 101 & NFPA 5000 NOT REQUIRED
5 SMOKE BARRIERS COMPLYING WITH NFPA 101 & NFPA 5000 NOT REQUIRED
C VERTICAL OPENINGS PROTECTION PROTECTION COMPLYING WITH NFPA CODES REQUIRED
1 COMMUNICATING SPACES COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 8 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
2 ATRIUMS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 8 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
3 CONVENIENCE OPENINGS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 8 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
4 SHAFTS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 8 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
5 MEZZANINES COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 8 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
6 CONCEALED SPACES & DRAFTSTOPS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 8 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
  EXTERIOR & INTERIOR WALL & PARTITION FIRE STOPPED AT EACH LEVEL, TOP STORY CEILING LEVEL & AT THE LEVEL OF SUPPORT FOR ROOFS REQUIRED
  UNOCCUPIED ATTIC SPACES DRAFTSTOPS INTO AREAS NOT EXCEEDING 280 SQM REQUIRED
  CONCEALED SPACES (CEILINGS & FLOORS) DRAFTSTOPS INTO AREAS NOT EXCEEDING 93 SQM REQUIRED
  CONCEALED SPACES (FLOORS & ROOFS) DRAFTSTOPS INTO AREAS NOT EXCEEDING 280 SQM REQUIRED

INTERIOR FINISH CONTENTS AND FURNISHING

VINTERIOR FINISH CONTENTS AND FURNISHINGTYPE-A MERCANTILE
A INTERIOR FINISH COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 10 OF NFPA 101  
1 INTERIOR WALL & CEILING FINISHES CLASS A OR CLASS B IN EXITS & EXIT ACCESS CORRIDORS REQUIRED
2 INTERIOR FLOOR FINISHES CLASS II IN EXIT ENCLOSURE REQUIRED

FIRE PROTECTION

VIIFIRE PROTECTION (FRR* FIRE RESISTANCE RATING / FPR** FIRE PROTECTION RATING)TYPE-A MERCANTILE
A DETECTION ALARM AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS    
1 FIRE ALARM SYSTEM BUILDING IS THREE (3) OR MORE STORIES IN HEIGHT REQUIRED
OCCUPANCY IS SUBJECT TO 50 OR MORE OCCUPANTS ABOVE OR BELOW THE LEVEL OF EXIT DISCHARGE REQUIRED
OCCUPANCY IS SUBJECT TO 300 OR MORE TOTAL OCCUPANTS REQUIRED
B EXTINGUISHING REQUIREMENTS COMPLIANCE WITH INDIVIDUAL CODES & STANDARDS REQUIRED
1 PROTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS TYPE AND RATING IN ACCORDANCE WITH NFPA 10 REQUIRED
2 FIRE BLANKETS IN KITCHEN OR PANTRY REQUIRED
3 STANDPIPE SYSTEM BUILDING EXCEEDING 9M IN HABITABLE HEIGHT REQUIRED
4 FIRE HOSE REELS 25MM DIAMETER HOSE REQUIRED
5 AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER SYSTEM >3 STOREYS OR 1115SQM GROSS AREA REQUIRED
232 SQM BASEMENT USED FOR SALE & STORAGE REQUIRED
MIXED OCCUPANCIES REQUIRED
PROVIDED IN LIEAU OF THE REQUIRED DRAFTSTOPS IN CONCEALED SPACES PERMITTED
6 OTHER EXTINGUISHING EQUIPMENT COMPLIANCE FROM INDIVIDUAL NFPA CODES & STANDARDS NOT REQUIRED

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