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BUILDING AND SITE ACCESS FOR FIRE FIGHTING & RESCUE

IIIBUILDING AND SITE ACCESS FOR FIRE FIGHTING & RESCUEPREPARATORY SCHOOL
  FIRE SAFETY PROVISIONS MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS  
A SITE ACCESS 4.0M MINIMUM CLEAR WIDTH REQUIRED
4.5M MINIMUM CLEAR HEIGHT
B ACCESS ROAD 4.0M MIN. WIDTH AND 24 TON LOAD CAPACITY REQUIRED
WITHIN A TRAVEL DISTANCE OF 45M FROM EVERY POINT ON PROJECTED PLAN AREA OF ANY BUILDING.
C FIRE ENGINE HARDSTANDING LENGTH OR NUMBER BASE ON THE GROSS FLOOR AREA OF THE BUILDING NOT REQUIRED
6M X 15M (MINIMUM), WITH LONGER SIDE PARALLEL TO THE FACADE OF THE BUILDING
POSITIONED NOT LESS THAN 2M OR NOT MORE THAN 10M FROM THE CENTER POSITION OF THE ACCESS OPENING, MEASURED HORIZONTALLY.
D FIRE COMMAND CENTER WITH PROVISIONS OF AN EMERGENCY VOICE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND/OR SMOKE CONTROL SYSTEM REQUIRED
9 SQM MINIMUM AREA (LEAST DIMENSION 2.5M)
AT LEAST WITH 1M CLEARANCE FROM ALL EQUIPMENT
2-HOURS ENCLOSURES (WALLS & OPENINGS)
PROVIDED WITH PROMINENTLY MARKED EXTERIOR ENTRANCES
E FIRE LIFT BUILDINGS EQUAL OR MORE THAN 28M ABOVE ENGINE ACCESS LEVEL. NOT APPLICABLE
BUILDINGS EXCEEDS 9.0M BELOW THE LEVEL OF EXIT DISCHARGE REQUIRED
SERVES ALL HABITABLE FLOORS REQUIRED IN EVERY FIRE SERVICE ACCESS ELEVATOR/FIRE LIFT PROVISIONS
CONTAINED WITHIN A DEDICATED PROTECTED SHAFT
APPROACHED BY FIRE FIGHTING LOBBY AT EACH STOREY
ADJACENT AND ACCESIBLE TO AN EXIT STAIRCASE
FIRE SERVICE ACCESS ELEVATORS/FIRE LIFT AS PER NFPA 5000 (2012 Ed.) CHAPTER 54.12 BUILDINGS EXCEEDS 9.0M BELOW THE LEVEL OF EXIT DISCHARGE
AMBULANCE STRETCHER ACCOMODATION ELEVATOR/LIFT AS PER NFPA 5000 (2012 Ed.) CHAPTER 54.3 NOT REQUIRED
WHEN REQUIRED, AT LEAST ONE (1) FIRE LIFT FOR EVERY 900 SQM. FLOOR AREA REQUIRED (R) IN EVERY FIRE LIFT PROVISIONS

MEANS OF EGRESS

IVMEANS OF EGRESSPREPARATORY SCHOOL
  FIRE SAFETY PROVISIONS MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS  
A MEANS OF EGRESS GENERAL REQUIREMENTS    
1 SEPARATION OF MEANS OF EGRESS    
  EXIT ACCESS CORRIDORS SERVING AN AREA HAVING AN OCCUPANT LOAD EXCEEDING 30 1-HR FRR*
  EXITS ENCLOSURE CONNECTS 3 OR FEWER STORIES 1-HR FRR*
  OPENING PROTECTIVE FIRE DOOR ASSEMBLIES EQUIPPED WITH DOOR CLOSERS REQUIRED
  CONSTRUCTION LIMITED OR NON-COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS REQUIRED
  OPENINGS AND PENETRATIONS IN EXIT ENCLOSURE COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
2 EXITS HEADROOM (STAIRS) NOT LESS THAN 2285MM REQUIRED
3 WALKING SURFACES IN THE MEANS OF EGRESS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
4 CHANGES IN LEVEL IN THE MEANS OF EGRESS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
5 GUARDS PROVIDED AT THE OPEN SIDES OF MEANS OF EGRESS REQUIRED
760MM ABOVE THE FLOOR OR FINISHED GROUND LEVEL
6 IMPEDIMENT TO EGRESS   NOT PERMITTED
7 MEANS OF EGRESS RELIABILITY CONTINUOUSLY MAINTAINED FREE OF ALL OBSTRUCTION OR IMPEDIMENTS REQUIRED
8 FURNISHING AND DECORATION FURNITURES, MOVABLE OBJECTS, MIRRORS, ETC. NOT PERMITTED
  CLOTHING & PERSONAL EFFECTS STORED IN NON-SPRINKLER PROTECTED CORRIDORS NOT PERMITTED
STORED IN SPRINKLER PROTECTED CORRIDORS PERMITTED
IN CORRIDORS PROVIDED WITH SMOKE DETECTION
STORAGE IN METAL LOCKERS ALONG CORRIDORS PERMITTED PROVIDED REQUIRED EGRESS MAINTAINED
  ART WORK & TEACHING MATERIALS SPRINKLER PROTECTED NOT MORE THAN 50% OF THE WALL AREA
NOT SPRINKLER PROTECTED NOT MORE THAN 20% OF THE WALL AREA
B MEANS OF EGRESS COMPONENTS FPR* FIRE PROTECTION RATING  
1 FIRE DOORS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101  
SIDE-HINGE OR PIVOTED-SWINGING TYPE ANY DOOR ASSEMBLY IN A MEANS OF EGRESS REQUIRED
MINIMUM DOOR LEAF WIDTH 810MM
HORIZONTAL SLIDING DOORS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 NOT PERMITTED
VERTICAL ROLLING DOORS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 NOT PERMITTED
REVOLVING DOORS / POWERED DOORS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 NOT PERMITTED
SELF-CLOSING DEVICES DOORS REQUIRED TO BE NORMALLY KEPT CLOSED REQUIRED
2 STAIRS    
STANDARD STAIRS FEWER THAN 50 PERSON (CLEAR WIDTH) 915MM
1120MM
>2000 PERSON (CLEAR WIDTH) 1420MM
SPRIRAL STAIRS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 NOT PERMITTED
CURVE STAIRS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 NOT PERMITTED
WINDERS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 NOT PERMITTED
GUARDS AND HANDRAILS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
ENCLOSURE AND PROTECTION OF EXIT STAIRS    
ENCLOSURES ALL INSIDE STAIR SERVING AS AN EXIT COMPONENT REQUIRED
DOORS FPR* < 3 STOREYS / > 3 STOREYS 1-HR FPR**
ENCLOSURES FRR* < 3 STOREYS / > 3 STOREYS 1-HR FRR*
ENCLOSURE EXEMPTION PENETRATING ONE FLOOR LEVEL OR SERVING MEZZANINE ONLY NOT PERMITTED
EXPOSURES WALLS AND OPENINGS WITHIN 3050MM HORIZONTALLY OF AN EXTERIOR STAIRWAY ENCLOSURE 1-HR FRR*
USABLE SPACE WITHIN EXIT ENCLOSURE NOT PERMITTED
UNDER STAIRS IN ACCORDANCE WITH NFPA 101 PERMITTED
STAIRWAY IDENTIFICATION SERVING 3 OR MORE STOREYS NOT APPLICABLE
EXIT STAIR PATH MARKINGS ALL STAIR COMPONENTS REQUIRED
PERIMETER DEMARCATION MARKING COMPLYING WITH NFPA 101
LOCK, LATCHES & ALARM DEVICES COMPLYING WITH NFPA 101 PERMITTED
RE-ENTRY PROVISIONS LOCKED STAIRS EXCEEDING 4 STOREYS NOT APPLICABLE
3 RAMPS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
AS SECONDARY EXIT FOR ONE (1) BASEMENT LEVEL NOT PERMITTED
4 ROOF ACCESS BUILDING EQUAL OR MORE THAN 4 STOREYS (G+3) OR ROOFS 12M ABOVE GRADE PLANE NOT REQUIRED
WHERE OPEN STAIR/S ARE PERMITTED AND PROVIDED
ONE AT EACH 9300 SQM ROOF AREA OR FLAT ROOFS OR ROOF PITCH
ROOF ACCESS COMPONENTS SMOKE VENTS (FIXED WALL OPENING/S) AT THE TOP OF THE STAIRWELL WITH A MINIMUM AREA OF 1.5 SQM NOT REQUIRED
STAIR ACCESS TO ROOF EQUIPPED WITH OPERABLE DOORS
5 SMOKE PROOF ENCLOSURES FRR* (FIRE RESISTANCE RATING)  
STAIR ENCLOSURES ALL INSIDE STAIRS SERVING AS AN EXIT COMPONENT REQUIRED
STAIR ENCLOSURES OPEN STAIR PENETRATING ONE (1) FLOOR / LEVEL ONLY PERMITTED IF UTILIZED AS AN ACCESS AND NOT AN EXIT COMPONENT
FIRE FIGHTING LOBBY (F/F LOBBY) COMPLYING WITH FIRE FIGHTING LOBBY REQUIREMENTS NOT REQUIRED
LOBBY DOORS & WALL ENCLOSURES 1.5-HR FPR** FIRE PROTECTION RATING
SMOKE-STOP LOBBY (VESTIBULE) COMPLYING WITH SMOKE-STOP LOBBY REQUIREMENTS
6 HORIZONTAL EXITS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 1-HR FRR*
7 EXIT PASSAGEWAYS ENCLOSURE AND SEPARATION FIRE RESISTANCE RATING REQUIRED
MIN. WIDTH AS PER EXIT CAPACITY NOT LESS THAN 2/3 OF THE WIDTH OF THE EXIT STAIR
8 FIRE ESCAPE STAIRS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
9 FIRE ESCAPE LADDERS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 NOT PERMITTED
10 AREAS OF REFUGE COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
11 ELEVATORS AS PART OF THE REQUIRED MEANS OF EGRESS NOT PERMITTED
AS SECOND MEANS OF EGRESS
ELEVATOR DOORS OPENING INTO EXIT ENCLOSURES
C CAPACITY OF MEANS OF EGRESS  
1 OCCUPANT LOAD CLASSROOMS 1.9 NET SQM/PERSON
SHOPS, LABORATORIES, VOCATIONAL ROOMS 4.6 NET SQM/PERSON
2 EGRESS CAPACITY STAIRWAYS 7.6MM
LEVEL COMPONENTS & RAMPS 5.0MM
3 EXIT ACCESS CORRIDORS REQUIRED MINIMUM CLEAR WIDTH 1830MM
D NUMBER OF EXITS    
1 SINGLE EXIT ONLY ONE (1) ON EVERY STORY NOT PERMITTED
2 NOT LESS THAN 2 SEPARATE EXITS (MINIMUM) REQUIREMENTS FOR ANY NUMBER OF OCCUPANTS REQUIRED
3 NOT LESS THAN THREE (3) SEPARATE EXITS EQUAL OR MORE THAN 500 OCCUPANTS
4 NOT LESS THAN FOUR (4) SEPARATE EXITS EQUAL OR MORE THAN 1000 OCCUPANTS
E ARRANGEMENT OF EXITS NS*-NOT SPRINKLERED / S**-SPRINKLERED NS* S**
1 TRAVEL DISTANCE IN ACCORDANCE WITH NFPA 101 TABLE A.7.6 46M 61M
2 COMMON PATH LIMIT IN ACCORDANCE WITH NFPA 101 TABLE A.7.6 23M 30M
3 DEAD-END CORRIDOR IN ACCORDANCE WITH NFPA 101 TABLE A.7.6 6.1M 15M
4 ROOM OR SPACES WITH MORE THAN 93 SQM OR WITH AN OCCUPANT LOAD OF MORE THAN 50 PERSONS MINIMUM TWO (2) ACCESS DOORS REQUIRED
REQUIRED DOORS ARRANGED TO PROVIDE ACCESS TO SEPARATE EXITS
DOORS OPEN INTO THE DIRECTION OF EXIT TRAVEL
5 EVERY ROOM NORMALLY SUBJECT TO STUDENT OCCUPANCY EXIT ACCESS DOORS LEADS DIRECTLY TO AN EXIT ACCESS CORRIDOR OR EXIT REQUIRED
6 DOORS SWINGING INTO EXIT ACCESS CORRIDOR ACCESS DOORS ARRANGED TO PREVENT INTERFERENCE WITH CORRIDOR TRAVEL REQUIRED
7 AISLE MINIMUM AISLE WIDTH 760MM
8 SPACES BETWEEN PARALLEL ROWS OF SEATS SUBJECT TO THE MINIMUM AISLE WIDTH THE NUMBER OF SEATS THAT INTERVENES BETWEEN ANY SEAT AND AN AISLE DOES NOT EXCEED SIX (6) NOT REQUIRED
9 EXIT DISCHARGE    
  EXTERIOR DISCHARGE DIRECT TO BUILDING EXTERNAL REQUIRED
  THROUGH AREAS ON LEVEL OF EXIT DISCHARGE MAXIMUM 10M TRAVEL DISTANCE TO BUILDING EXTERNAL PERMITTED WHEN PROTECTED THROUGHOUT WITH SPRINKLER SYSTEM
50% OF THE REQUIRED NUMBER OF EXITS AND 50% OF THE REQUIRED EXIT CAPACITY
10 EXTERIOR WAYS OF EXIT COMPLYING WITH NFPA 101 PERMITTED
11 ACCESIBLE MEANS OF EGRESS EXIT & ACCESS PROVISIONS FOR PEOPLE WITH SEVERE MOBILITY IMPAIRMENT NOT LESS THAN 2 EXITS REQUIRED
12 ILLUMINATION OF MEANS OF EGRESS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
13 EMERGENCY LIGHTING COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101
14 MARKINGS OF MEANS OF EGRESS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101
F SPECIAL MEANS OF EGRESS PROVISIONS    
1 FIREMEN ACCESS PANELS HABITABLE HEIGHT EXCEEDING 10M REQUIRED
2 WINDOWS FOR RESCUE ROOMS OR SPACE GREATER THAN 23.2 SQM AND NORMALLY SUBJECT TO STUDENT OCCUPANCY REQUIRED
BUILDING SPRINKLER PROTECTED THROUGHOUT NOT REQUIRED
ROOMS OR SPACE HAS DOOR LEADING DIRECTLY TO AN EXIT OR OUTSIDE THE BUILDING NOT REQUIRED
ROOMS LOCATED FOUR OR MORE STORIES
4 LOCKUPS DOORS & PHYSICAL RESTRAINTS TO FREE EGRESS CAN BE READILY RELEASED BY STAFF WITHIN 2 MINUTES OF ONSET OF FIRE OR ANY EMERGENCY REQUIRED ON DOORS PROVIDED WITH LOCKUPS
5 ELEVATORS FOR OCCUPANT CONTROLLED EVACUATION PRIOR TO PHASE 1 EMERGENCY RECALL OPERATIONS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 NOT PERMITTED

INTERIOR FINISH CONTENTS AND FURNISHING

VINTERIOR FINISH CONTENTS AND FURNISHINGALL EDUCATIONAL SCHOOL BUILDING
A INTERIOR FINISH COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 10 OF NFPA 101 REQUIRED
1 INTERIOR WALL & CEILING FINISHES EXITS CLASS A
OTHER THAN EXITS CLASS A OR CLASS B
LOW HEIGHT PARTITIONS NOT EXCEEDING 1525MM AND USED IN LOCATIONS OTHER THAN EXITS CLASS A, CLASS B OR CLASS C
2 INTERIOR FLOOR FINISHES EXIT ENCLOSURES AND EXIT ACCESS CORRIDORS CLASS II

OPERATING FEATURES

IXOPERATING FEATURESANY SCHOOL BUILDING
A EMERGENCY PLAN REQUIRED
1 EMERGENCY PLAN REQUIREMENTS 1 PROCEDURES FOR REPORTING OF EMERGENCY REQUIRED
2 OCCUPANT AND STAFF RESPONSE TO EMERGENCY
3 EVACUATION PROCEDURES APPROPRIATE TO THE OCCUPANCY, EMERGENCIES AND HAZARD
4 APPROPRIATENESS OF THE USE OF ELEVATORS
5 DESIGN & CONDUCT OF FIRE DRILLS
6 TYPE & COVERAGE OF BUILDING FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM
7 OTHER ITEMS THAT ARE NECESSARY IN AN EMERGENCY PLANS AS MAY BE REQUIRED BY QCD
B EMERGENCY EXIT DRILLS    
1 EMERGENCY EGRESS AND RELOCATION DRILLS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 14 AND 4.7 NFPA 101  
  DRILL FREQUENCY NOT LESS THAN 1 PER MONTH REQUIRED
IN SUMMER SEASON OR OTHER SEVERE WEATHER CONDITIONS PERMITTED TO BE DEFERRED
CONDITION NOT LESS THAN 4 DRILLS CONDUCTED BEFORE THE DRILLS ARE DEFFERED REQUIRED
2 ORDERLY EVACUATION EMPHASIS ON ORDERLY EVACUATION RATHER SPEED REQUIRED
3 SIMULATED CONDITIONS DRILLS HELD AT EXPECTED & UNEXPECTED TIMES
4 RELOCATION AREA   REQUIRED
C INSPECTION   REQUIRED
  DUTY OF PRINCIPALS, TEACHER AND STAFF TO INSPECT ALL EXIT FACILITIES TO ENSURE THAT ALL STAIRWAYS, DOORS & OTHER EXITS ARE IN PROPER CONDITION DAILY INSPECTION REQUIRED

FEATURES OF FIRE PROTECTION

VIFEATURES OF FIRE PROTECTION (NFPA 5000 TABLES 7.2.1.1, 7.3.2.1, 7.3.5 (a), (b), 7.3.5.5, 7.4.1)PREPARATORY SCHOOL
A CONSTRUCTION COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 & 8 OF NFPA 5000 REQUIRED
1 CONSTRUCTION (NON-COMBUSTIBLE OR LIMITED COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS) TYPE I OR TYPE II EXTERIOR BEARING WALLS HOURLY RATINGS REQUIRED PER TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION BASED ON NFPA 5000 HEIGHT & AREA REQUIREMENTS
FRAMING, COLUMNS, BEAMS, GIRDERS, TRUSSES
FLOOR CONSTRUCTION
B SUBDIVISION OF BUILDING SPACES    
1 FIRE BARRIERS COMPLYING WITH NFPA 101 & NFPA 5000 1-HR FRR*
2 SEPARATION FROM OTHER OCCUPANCIES AS PER NFPA 101 TABLE 6.1.14.4.1 (a), (b) REQUIRED
3 CORRIDORS RATED SEPARATION REQUIRED SEPARATION 1-HR FRR*
  EXEMPTION TO THE REQUIRED SEPARATION APPLIES TO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING 1 ALL SPACES SUBJECT TO STUDENT OCCUPANCY HAS A DOOR OPENING DIRECTLY TO THE OUTSIDE OR EXTERIOR OR EXIT ACCESS BALCONY OR CORRIDOR NOT REQUIRED
2 BUILDING IS PROTECTED THROUGHOUT WITH AN APPROVED AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER SYSTEM
4 SMOKE PARTITIONS / SMOKE COMPARTMENTS / SMOKE BARRIERS MAXIMUM FLOOR AREA INCLUDING THE AGGREGATE AREA OF ALL FLOORS EXCEEDS 2800 SQM REQUIRED
THE LENGHT OR WIDTH OF ANY BUILDING USED FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES EXCEEDS 91.0 METERS
  EXEMPTION TO SMOKE PARTITION REQUIREMENTS APPLIES TO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING 1 BUILDING IS PROTECTED THROUGHOUT WITH AN APPROVED AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER SYSTEM NOT REQUIRED
2 ALL SPACES SUBJECT TO STUDENT OCCUPANCY HAS A DOOR OPENING DIRECTLY TO THE OUTSIDE OR EXTERIOR OR EXIT ACCESS BALCONY OR CORRIDOR
C VERTICAL OPENINGS PROTECTION    
1 COMMUNICATING SPACES ENCLOSED AND/OR PROVIDED WITH PROTECTION IN ACCORDANCE WITH CHAPTER 8.6 VERTICAL OPENINGS OF NFPA 101 LIFE SAFETY CODE. REQUIRED
2 ATRIUMS
3 CONVENIENCE OPENINGS
4 SHAFTS
5 MEZZANINES FLOOR AREA IS NOT MORE THAN 1/3 THE OPEN AREA OF THE ROOM IN WHICH THE MEZZANINE IS LOCATED REQUIRED
EXCEEDING 1/3 AREA LIMIT, MEZZANINE SHALL COMPLY WITH THE MEANS OF EGRESS REQUIRED FOR A STORY
6 CONCEALED SPACES & DRAFTSTOPS DRAFTSTOPPED FOR THE FULL DEPTH OF THE SPACE & INTO AREAS NOT EXCEEDING AS FOLLOWS; REQUIRED
  EXTERIOR & INTERIOR WALL & PARTITION FIRE STOPPED AT EACH LEVEL, TOP STORY CEILING LEVEL & AT THE LEVEL OF SUPPORT FOR ROOFS
  UNOCCUPIED ATTIC SPACES DRAFTSTOPS INTO AREAS NOT EXCEEDING 280 SQM
  CONCEALED SPACES (CEILINGS & FLOORS) DRAFTSTOPS INTO AREAS NOT EXCEEDING 93 SQM
  CONCEALED SPACES (FLOORS & ROOFS) DRAFTSTOPS INTO AREAS NOT EXCEEDING 280 SQM
  DRAFTSTOP NOT REQUIRED WHERE THE SPACES ARE PROTECTED THROUGHOUT WITH SPRINKLER SYSTEM &/OR SERVE AS PLENUMS PERMITTED
D HAZARDOUS AREA PROTECTION    
1 BOILER AND FURNACE ROOMS 1-HOUR FIRE BARRIERS OR AUTOMATIC EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM REQUIRED
2 ROOMS OR SPACE USED FOR STORAGE OF COMBUSTIBLE IN HAZARDOUS QUANTITIES
3 ROOMS OR SPACE USED FOR STORAGE OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS OR FLAMMABLE OR COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS
4 JANITOR CLOSETS
5 LAUNDRIES
6 MAINTENANCE SHOPS INCLUDING PAINTING & WOODWORKING AREAS
7 ROOMS OR SPACE USED FOR PROCESSING OR USE OF COMBUSTIBLE SUPPLIES
8 ROOMS USED FOR PROCESSING OR USE OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS OR FLAMMABLE OR COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS

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