taken from_ A Handbook of Planning of Office Buildings

"A Handbook of Planning of Office Buildings" to encourage the Planners and Architects about Whole Building Design Approach while under taking Architectural Design of Office Buildings.

Office is an architectural and design phenomenon, whether it is a small office or a massive building. The main purpose of an office environment is to support its occupants in performing their assignments at minimum cost and maximum satisfaction.

In recent times, the importance of changing climate and its effects on environment are being given more attention in design practices. Sustainable work spaces are becoming more prominent. More energy efficient buildings co-relate to a more efficient and productive work environment.

This handbook will act as a ready recokner and will be useful in making sustainable decisions quickly.

With the rise of professionalism, the discipline of architecture has become increasingly specialized and focused on questions of basic functionality and aesthetics. This specialist role now forms the basis of the widely accepted modern definition of architectural practice. Architects, as licensed professionals, transform the space needs into concepts, images and plans of buildings and to be constructed by others. They are responsible for orchestrating and coordinating the work of many disciplines during the design phases and, at times, even during the execution. Their profession is responsible for safeguarding the health, safety and welfare of the public. The cultural definition of architecture characterizes the ways in which the discipline responds to social, aesthetic, and ethical aspects of making cities, buildings and landscapes. A "whole building" approach must necessarily incorporate both sets of disciplinary definitions.

The whole building design, which aims at integrated, high performance design, requires both efficiency and innovation. It is based on a design process in which the users, owners and project participants are all integral team members. With whole building design, the project team can be guided once again by a collective approach which encompasses site professionals, such as planners, civil and environmental engineers, and landscape architects. The profession gives a comprehensive vision in holistic problem solving and the understanding of broad cultural concerns make the architects ideally suited for the leadership of design teams.

Office spaces are an environment in which people spend a large part of their day for productive work. The entire work space should bring out the best in people, in addition to being easily accessible to all, self-sustaining and efficient in energy and water use. Safety is another issue that needs to be taken care of.

With the advancement of technological options now available, a need was felt to prepare a Handbook, which will give us an overview about the new possibilities that have emerged. This publication then, is an initiative towards creating a user-friendly work space, that is modern sustainable and productive.

1. Site Analysis ......................................................................................................................... 13

2. Site Planning ........................................................................................................................ 16

3. Building Envelope And Insulation .................................................................................. 22

4. Architectural Planning ....................................................................................................... 27

5. Fire, Life Safety, Natural Lighting & Ventilation (Relevant Extract From NBC 2005) ........................................................... 35

6. Development Control Rules (Relevant Extract From MPD 2021) ............................................................................... 44

7. Building Services ................................................................................................................ 47

8. Barrier Free Environment ................................................................................................. 50

9. Green Building Materials ................................................................................................... 55

10. Rain Water Harvesting ...................................................................................................... 63

11. Net Zero Building (Case Study) ...................................................................................... 66

12. Relevant Orders ................................................................................................................. 83

13. Bibliography ........................................................................................................................ 87

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