Blog Archives

What are the requirements for Landing Valves

Landing Valves shall be located in accordance to the following preference:

  1. 1. In fire fighting lobby (if provided), for the first landing valve.
  2. 2. In Fire fighting or Exit Staircase, for the first landing valve.
  3. 3. In smoke free enclosure or external corridor.

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What are the requirements for Fire Engine Access way/road?

Access way shall be positioned so that the nearer edge shall be not less than 2 m or more than 10 m from the centre position of the access opening, measured horizontally.

Access way shall be laid on a level platform or if on an incline, the gradient shall not exceed 10%.

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What are the requirements for Private Fire Hydrants

Spacing between Private Hydrants along Fire Engine access way and access road are as follows:

  • Residential and Commercial Occupancies shall be 120 m
  • Light Hazard Storage Occupancies shall be 100 m
  • Ordinary Hazard Storage Occupancies shall be 100 m
  • Light Hazard Industrial Occupancies shall be 100 m
  • Ordinary Hazard Industrial Occupancies shall be 100 m
  • High Hazard Occupancies shall be 60 m

Minimum flow rate for each Private fire hydrant shall be 500 Gallons per Minute.

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What is the maximum size of a kitchen allowed in a non-sprinklered building?

For non sprinklered protected building, the floor area of the kitchen compartment shall not exceed 150 sq.m.

NFPA Xchange:

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At What level shall the Fire Pump be installed within the building?

Fire Pumps shall be located on the ground floor or below grade level with protected  dedicated access from the fire engine access level.

Where multiple pump sets are required in a High-rise building, Intermediate  Fire Pumps and Water tanks shall be located at not more than 90 m intervals from the first Fire Pump located at the lowest level of the structure.

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What are the definition of High-rise, Medium-rise and Low-rise Buildings?

The occupancies or Multiple and Mixed occupancies, facilities, buildings and structures having total height of occupiable or usable space of more than 28 meters above the lowest grade or lowest level of Fire Service Access into that occupancy is categorized as High-rise Building.

The occupancies or Multiple and Mixed occupancies,

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When is Fire Sprinkler System required to be provided in the building?

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How to determine the Occupant Load?

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What are the minimum widths required for Corridor, Door, Ramp and Stair?

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What are the required Travel Distances?

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How to know How Many Exits are required?

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What are the required Fire Ratings inside the building?

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Table 40.2.5

Level of Protection
General Industrial Occupancy
Special Purpose Industrial Occupancy
High Hazard Industrial Occupancy

Dead-End Corridor

Sprinklered
15-m
15-m
Prohibited except if permitted by 7.11.4

Not Sprinklered
15-m
15-m
Prohibited except if permitted by 7.11.4

Common Path of Travel

Sprinklered
30-m
30-m
Prohibited except if permitted by 7.11.4

Not Sprinklered
15-m
15-m
Prohibited except if permitted by 7.11.4

Travel Distance

Sprinklered
76-m
122-m
23-m

Not Sprinklered
61-m
91-m
Not Permitted

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Safety Measures in Qatar

Click the link below..

Safety Measures in Qatar

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FSS 2.2.13 – Smoke Free Approach to Exit Staircase

Subject:

SMOKE FREE APPROACH TO

EXIT STAIRCASE

FSS  No:

2.2.13

Item

Provisions

Notes

1.0

Entry at every storey to an exit staircase without opening to natural light and ventilation (i.e.

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FSS 1.3 – Single Exit Staircase for Residential Apartment or Penthouse

With the consideration of small residential apartment or penthouse development facing the constraints of limited land area, Civil Defence Department allows the provision of single exit staircase for building with habitable height not more than 28m provided the following conditions are met:

  1. The single exit staircase shall serve not more than four apartments or penthouses at each storey level,

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FSS 6.2 – Rising Main for Fire Fighting

Subject:

RISING MAIN FOR FIRE FIGHTING

FSS No. 6.2

Provisions
Notes

Type of rising main system shall be provided appropriate to the building as follow: Dry Rising Main Any floor at habitable height beyond 10m and not exceeding 28m above ground level Wet Rising Main For building having a habitable height exceeding 28m above the ground level

Separate dry and wet rising main systems in a building may be permitted by CDD.

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FSS 1.5 – Refuge Floor

High-rise building (more than 30 storeys) shall be provided with at least one refuge floor at an interval of not more than 20 storeys.
The refuge floor shall comply with the following requirements:

  1. It shall be of masonry construction having fire resistance rating not less than 2 hours.

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FSS 6.6.3 – Fire Lift

Subject:

FIRE LIFT

FSS  No:

6.6.3

 
 

 

  1. In any building, in which the habitable height exceeds 28m, or the depth of the basement is more than 9m below the average ground level,

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FSS 4.1 – External Access To Site And Building

 

Item
Provision

Access Road / Fire Engine Hardstanding

1.0
4m-width fire fighting appliance access/access road to the building shall be provided and the gradient shall not exceed 1: 8.3. The angle of approach and departure for any means of access road shall not exceed 1m drop in 20m. The access road shall able to sustain the stationary load of a 24-ton fire appliance.

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Classification of Hazard of Contents

Hazard of Contents
Hazard of contents of any building or structure shall be classified as one of the following:
Low Hazard
Contents are of such low combustibility that no self-propagating fire therein can occur.
Ordinary Hazard
Contents are likely to burn with moderate rapidity or to give off a considerable volume of smoke.

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Storage Occupancy

Storage
An occupancy used primarily for the storage or sheltering of goods, merchandise, products, vehicles, or animals.
Storage occupancies include the following:
· Barns

· Grain elevators
· Bulk oil storage

· Hangars
· Cold storage (for storage only)
· Freight terminals

· Parking structures
· Stables

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Educational Occupancy

Educational
An occupancy used for educational purposes through the twelfth grade by six or more persons for four or more hours per day or more than twelve hours per week.
Educational occupancies include the following:
· Academies

· Nursery schools
· Kindergartens

· Schools
Other occupancies associated with educational institutions shall be in accordance with the appropriate parts of this Code.

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Day Care Occupancy

Day-Care
An occupancy in which four or more clients receive care, maintenance, and supervision, by other than their relatives or legal guardians, for less than 24 hours per day.
Day-care occupancies include the following:
· Child day-care occupancies

· Day care homes
· Nursery schools

· Kindergarten classes
· Adult day-care occupancies that are incidental to a except where part of a child day-care occupancy health care occupancy

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Mercantile Occupancy

Mercantile

An occupancy used for the display and sale of merchandise.
Mercantile occupancies include the following:
· Auction rooms
· Shopping centers
· Department stores
· Supermarkets
· Drugstores

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Ambulatory Health Care Occupancy

Ambulatory Health Care

A building or portion thereof used to provide services or treatment simultaneously to four or more patients that provides, on an outpatient basis, one or more of the following:
1) Treatment for patients that renders the patients incapable of taking action for self-preservation under emergency conditions without the assistance of others.

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Health Care Occupancy

Health Care
An occupancy used for purposes of medical or other treatment or care of four or more persons where such occupants are mostly incapable of self-preservation due to age, physical or mental disability or because of security measures not under the occupants’ control.

Health care occupancies include the following:
· Hospitals
· Limited care facilities
· Nursing homes

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Assembly Occupancy

Assembly
An occupancy (1) used for a gathering of 50 or more persons for deliberation, worship, entertainment, eating, drinking, amusement, awaiting transportation, or similar uses; or (2) used as a special amusement building regardless of occupant load.
Assembly occupancies include the following:
· Armories
· Skating rinks
· Exhibition halls
· Colleges and university classrooms 50 persons +
· Places of religious worship
· Assembly halls
· Museums
· Gymnasiums
· Theaters
· Pool rooms
· Passenger stations and terminals of air,

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Delayed-Egress Locking System

OCCUPANCY TYPE
(new building)

CODE REF.
ACCESS-CONTROLLED EGRESS DOOR REQUIREMENTS

AMBULATORY
()

ASSEMBLY
(12.2.2.2.4, and 7.2.1.6.1)
allows delayed-egress locking (Except at main entrance doors) in compliance with 7.2.1.6.1.

BUSINESS
(38.2.2.2.4, and 7.2.1.6.1)
allows delayed-egress lock complying with 7.2.1.6.1.

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Access Controlled Egress Door

OCCUPANCY TYPE
(new building)

CODE REF.
ACCESS-CONTROLLED EGRESS DOOR REQUIREMENTS

AMBULATORY
()

ASSEMBLY
(12.2.2.2.5, and 7.2.1.6.2)
allows access-control egress doors in compliance with 7.2.1.6.2 (Except when the building is occupied, the locking system shall be disabled).

BUSINESS
(38.2.2.2.5,

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Table 8.3.4.2

check this link..

http://shared4.info/html/nfpa/101/table-8.3.4.2.html

Notes:

  • Code Reference used is NFPA-101 2012 edition unless otherwise noted.
  • These information is not complete and intended to be used as quick references only, always refer to NFPA or your local codes for complete information.

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Parking for Disabled

Total Number of Parking Spaces Provided in Parking Facility

Minimum Number of Required Accessible Parking Spaces

1 to 25
1

26 to 50
2

51 to 75
3

76 to 100
4

101 to 150
5

151 to 200
6

201 to 300
7

301 to 400
8

401 to 500
9

501 to 1000

2 percent of total

1001 and over
20,

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Stair Width & Height

Required stair width is determined by the required egress capacity of each floor the stair serves, considered independently. It is not necessary to accumulate occupant loads from floor to floor to determine stair width. Each story or floor level is considered separately when calculating the occupant load to be served by the means of egress from that floor.

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Table 16.1.6.1

16.1.6.1  Day-care occupancies, other than day-care homes, shall be limited to the building construction types specified in Table 16.1.6.1 based on the number of stories in height as defined in 4.6.3(See 8.2.1.)

Table 16.1.6.1  Construction Type Limitations for Day-Care Occupancy

Stories in Heightb

Construction Type

Sprinklereda

One Story Belowc

1

2

3–4

>4 but Not
High-Rise

High-Rise

I (442)

Yes

X

X

X

X

X

X

No

NP

X

X

X

NP

NP

I (332)

Yes

X

X

X

X

X

X

No

NP

X

X

X

NP

NP

II (222)

Yes

X

X

X

X

X

X

No

NP

X

X

X

NP

NP

II (111)

Yes

X

X

X

X

X

NP

No

NP

X

NP

NP

NP

NP

II (000)

Yes

X

X

X

X

NP

NP

No

NP

X

NP

NP

NP

NP

III (211)

Yes

X

X

X

X

NP

NP

No

NP

X

NP

NP

NP

NP

III (200)

Yes

NP

X

X

NP

NP

NP

No

NP

X

NP

NP

NP

NP

IV (2HH)

Yes

X

X

X

NP

NP

NP

No

NP

X

NP

NP

NP

NP

V (111)

Yes

X

X

X

X

NP

NP

No

NP

X

NP

NP

NP

NP

V (000)

Yes

NP

X

X

NP

NP

NP

No

NP

X

NP

NP

NP

NP

X: Permitted.

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Table 18.1.6.1

Table 18.1.6.1  Construction Type Limitations for Health Care Occupancy

Construction Type
Sprinklered
Total Number of Stories of Building

1
2
3
≥4

I (442)
Yes
X
X
X
X

No
NP
NP
NP
NP

I (332)
Yes
X
X
X
X

No
NP
NP
NP
NP

II (222)
Yes
X
X
X
X

No
NP
NP
NP
NP

II (111)
Yes
X
X
X
NP

No
NP
NP
NP
NP

II (000)
Yes
X
NP
NP
NP

No
NP
NP
NP
NP

III (211)
Yes
X
NP
NP
NP

No
NP
NP
NP
NP

III (200)
Yes
NP
NP
NP
NP

No
NP
NP
NP
NP

IV (2HH)
Yes
X
NP
NP
NP

No
NP
NP
NP
NP

V (111)
Yes
X
NP
NP
NP

No
NP
NP
NP
NP

V (000)
Yes
NP
NP
NP
NP

No
NP
NP
NP
NP

X: Permitted.

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Table 12.1.6

 Table 12.1.6 Construction Type Limitations for Assembly Occupancy

Stories in Heightb

Construction Type

Sprinklereda

Stories Below

1

2

3

4

≥5

I (442)c,

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Travel Distance Limits

OCCUPANCY TYPE (new building)

CODE REF.
TRAVEL DISTANCE LIMITS

AMBULATORY (Not Sprinklered)
20.2.6.2.1, 7.6
46 m. (from any point in a room to exit)

AMBULATORY (Sprinklered)
20.2.6.2.2, 7.6
61 m. (from any point in a room to exit)

ASSEMBLY (Not Sprinklered)
12.2.6.2
61 m.

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Preparation of Fire Safety Drawings

As I am normally the one who is tasked to prepare ‘Fire Safety’ drawings for our company, I made here a guide or procedure on how we are usually preparing Fire Safety drawing for submission to QCDD. Note that this is just a simplified guide on the QCDD basic requirements (based on my experience) and was intended to help anyone who is also involved in fire safety planning specially here in Qatar.

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Fire Extinguishing System

OCCUPANCY TYPE (new building)

CODE REF.
PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHER

AMBULATORY (Not Sprinklered)
NFPA 101, 2012 (20.3.5.2 and 9.7.4.1)
Yes, required

AMBULATORY (Sprinklered)
NFPA 101, 2012 (20.3.5.2 and 9.7.4.1)
Yes, required

BUSINESS (Not Sprinklered)
NFPA 101, 2012 (38.3.5 and 9.7.4.1)
Yes,

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Number of Means of Exit

OCCUPANCY TYPE (new building)

CODE REF.
NUMBER OF MEANS OF EXIT

AMBULATORY
(Sprinklered or Not Sprinklered)
(20.2.4 and 7.4)
Minimum Two (2)

ASSEMBLY
(Sprinklered or Not Sprinklered)
(12.2.4 and 7.4)
Minimum Two (2)

BUSINESS
(Sprinklered or Not Sprinklered)
(38.2.4 and 7.4)
Minimum Two (2) on every storey

HEALTHCARE
(18.2.4 and 7.4)
Minimum Two (2) on every storey

EDUCATIONAL
(14.2.4 and 7.4)

(14.2.5.4)
Minimum Two (2) on every storey

Room shall have at least Two (2) doors if area >

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Occupancy Separation Requirements

Occupancy Type
Separation Requirements

Large or small assembly
2 hour

Business
1 hour

Educational
2 hour

Factory-industrial
2 hour

Hazardous

Institutional
2 hour

Mercantile
1 hour

Residential
1 hour

Storage, moderate hazard S1
3 hour

Storage, low hazard S2
2 hour

Automobile parking garages
1 hour

Automobile repair garages
2 hour

The minimum fire resistance of construction separating any two occupancies in a building of mixed occupancy shall be the higher rating required for the occupancies being separated,

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Occupant Load Factors

Use
Area per Occupant (sq.m.)

Assembly

Assembly without fixed seats (rows of chairs or standing)
0.65 net

Assembly without fixed seats (tables and chairs)
1.4 net

Assembly with fixed seats
See Note

Business areas
9.3 gross

Educational Use

Classrooms
1.9 net

Shops and other vocational areas
4.6 net

Industrial areas
9.3 gross

Institutional

Sleeping areas
11.1 gross

Inpatient treatment and ancillary areas
22.3 gross

Outpatient area
9.3 gross

Resident housing areas
11.1 gross

Library

Reading rooms
4.6 net

Stack area
9.3 gross

Malls
See

Mercantile

Basement and grade floor areas open to public
2.8 gross

Areas on other floors open to public
5.6 gross

Storage,

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Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish

OCCUPANCY TYPE (new building)

CODE REF.
INTERIOR WALL AND CEILING FINISH

AMBULATORY (Sprinklered)
NFPA 101, 2012 (20.3.3, 38.3.3.2, and 10.2.3)
Class A, B, or C

AMBULATORY (Not Sprinklered)
NFPA 101, 2012 (20.3.3, 38.3.3.2 and 10.2.7)
Class A, or B in exits or corridors Class A,

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Interior Floor Finish

OCCUPANCY TYPE (new building)

CODE REF.
INTERIOR FLOOR FINISH

AMBULATORY (Sprinklered)
NFPA 101, 2012
No requirement

AMBULATORY (Not Sprinklered)
NFPA 101, 2012 (20.3.3, 38.3.3.3 and 10.2.7)
Class I or II in corridors and exits

BUSINESS (Sprinklered)
NFPA 101,

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Hazardous Areas Protection

OCCUPANCY TYPE (new building)

CODE REF.
HAZARDOUS AREAS PROTECTION

AMBULATORY
(20.3.2, 38.3.2 and 9.2.3)
Doors shall be self-closing.
Laboratories shall be protected as per NFPA 99.
Kitchen shall be protected as per NFPA 96.
1-hour rated wall assembly and sprinkler system.

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Exit Stair – Fire Rating (> 3 stories)

OPENING PROTECTIVES for > 3 stories Exit Stair (NFPA 101 Table 8.3.4.2).

(Applicable to all occupancy type except one and two family dwelling)

COMPONENT

WALLS AND PARTITIONS

FIRE DOOR ASSEMBLIES

DOOR VISION PANEL MAXIMUM SIZE

FIRE WINDOW ASSEMBLIES

Staircase and Vertical Shafts
2-hrs
1.5-hrs
Maximum size tested
W-120

The Exit Separation shall have not less than a 2-hour fire resistance rating where the exit connects four or more stories,

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Exit Stair – Fire Rating (≤ 3 stories)

OPENING PROTECTIVES for > 3 stories Exit Stair (NFPA 101 Table 8.3.4.2).

(Applicable to all occupancy type except one and two family dwelling)

COMPONENT

WALLS AND PARTITIONS

FIRE DOOR ASSEMBLIES

DOOR VISION PANEL MAXIMUM SIZE

FIRE WINDOW ASSEMBLIES

Staircase and Vertical Shafts
1-hr
1-hr
Maximum size tested
W-60

The Exit Separation shall have not less than a 1-hour fire resistance rating where the exit connects three stories or less,

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Exit Signs

Exit Signs are required in all Occupancy types except One and Two Family Dwellings (NFPA 101-xx.2.10 and 7.10).

The maximum viewing distance for exit sign is 30 m..

location of exit sign
(a) Luminance. Exit and directional signs shall have a luminance on the face of such signs of not less than 5 foot-candles (50 lux).

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Emergency Lighting

OCCUPANCY TYPE (new building)

CODE REF.
EMERGENCY LIGHTING

AMBULATORY
(Sprinklered and Not Sprinklered)
NFPA 101, 2012 (20.2.9.1 and 7.9)
Yes, required.

BUSINESS
(Sprinklered and Not Sprinklered)
NFPA 101, 2012 (38.2.9.1 and 7.9)
Yes, required where one of the following exists:
a) The building is 2 stories above the level of exit discharge
b) The occupancy is subject to 50 occupants above or below the level of exit of discharge
c) The total occupant load is subject to 300 occupants

HEALTHCARE
NFPA 101,

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Door Clear Width

OCCUPANCY TYPE (new building)

CODE REF.
DOOR minimum CLEAR WIDTH

AMBULATORY (Sprinklered and Not Sprinklered)
NFPA 101, 2015 (20.2.3.4)
810 mm. required for diagnostics or treatment area such as x-ray, surgical or physical therapy.

BUSINESS (Sprinklered and Not Sprinklered)
NFPA 101,

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Disclaimer

All the information(s) in this website are intended as a personal reference or notes only, we shall not be responsible for any loss, damage or injury that may be suffered by anyone in connection with the use of the facilities designed based on the recommendation of this website.

NFPA References

QCDD References

Ramps

Vertical Openings

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