_Guidelines for Fire Safety Plans
- Drawings to be submitted through QCD Online Permit System portal must be in AutoCAD DWG file format, purged, bonded and submitted ready for review.
- Plans shall follow the standard format for the Title Block (refer to sample format attached).
- All Plans, calculations, and consultant’s reports shall be signed and endorsed by the appropriate Consultant, attested by the Engineering Company to where he /she are employed.The consultant must certify on every page of the Building Plan that the Life and Fire safety provisions is designed in accordance with the provisions of NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, NFPA 5000 Building Construction and Safety Code and other applicable NFPA Codes and Standards.
Plans and Documents to be submitted:
- Fire safety report or narrative description of the project, scope of works/project activity in the case of additions, modification, extensions, etc and all fire safety provisions applicable and required for the project.
- Floor Plans, Elevation, Sectional Drawings and Details.
- Policy Plan (Indicating Location, PIN & QARS [Area/Street/Plot Numbers]).
- Urban Planning & Development Authority (UPDA) latest and updated registration of the Consultant & the Engineering Consulting Company.
Details to be shown on Plans:
Cover/Front Page – declaring, enumerating or tabulating all the fire safety provisions required for the project.
- The type and extent of provisions of hydraulic hose reels, sprinkler systems, wet and dry rising mains and other fire extinguishing systems;
- The type and extent of provisions of fire detection and alarm systems and voice communication systems;
- The type and extent of provisions of smoke control and ventilation systems and their related air or smoke shafts. (exit stairs, basements, atrium/vertical openings and other locations where provisions are required);
- The type and ratings of all proposed and existing portable fire extinguishers and their locations.
- Other fire safety provisions that may be applicable and/or required in the project.
- Brief Description of the project.
- Building/Project Category, Occupancy & Hazard Classification (Low/Ordinary or High Hazard) in accordance with NFPA 101 & NFPA 5000.
- Building Construction (Type of Constructions, Height and Area requirements & the fire resistance rating of all building elements) in accordance with NFPA 101 & NFPA 5000.
- Area Statement of every floor, level, room, area and or occupancy.
- Legends and Symbols in accordance with NFPA 170.
- The design occupant load calculation for every floor, level, room, area and/or occupancy for which means of escape has been provided in accordance with NFPA 101.
- The Exit Capacity calculations in accordance with NFPA 101.
- Schedule of Doors, Windows and other openings including its quantity, location & fire resistance ratings.
Location Plan – location plan ratio of at least 1:1000 and shall indicate the following:
- The colored location of the lot relative to the neighboring lots;
- The various roads constituting the access layout of the lot.
- Master Plan/ Key Plans in case of large development where the site or buildings are to be subdivided in zones or areas.
Site Plan with ratio of at least 1:500. The site plan shall indicate the following:
- Means of access to the site and to the perimeter of each building for fire fighting vehicles and equipment;
- The Fire Engine hard standing with length or number based on gross floor area of the building or gross cubicle extends of the building in the case of Industrial & Storage Occupancies (minimum dimension 6m x 15m). The longer side of the hardstanding shall be located parallel to the façade of the building and shall withstand the load of 45-ton fire appliance;
- Calculations to determine the length or number of fire engine hardstanding must be provided.
- Location of the existing public fire hydrants. Should there be no fire hydrant or inadequate fire hydrants on site, provisions of adequate internal private fire hydrants is required and indicated on plan;
- Distances between each building or fire safety works and the relevant lot boundaries, other proposed or existing buildings or installations on the site;
- Horizontal separation between buildings, fire walls, the fire resistance ratings of exterior walls and exterior opening protective based on the maximum allowable area of unprotected openings.
- Any other feature on or in the vicinity of the site which is likely to be a fire hazard or is likely to cause obstruction to fire fighting vehicles and equipment and rescue operations.
Every floor plan & roof plan with ratio of 1:100 or 1:200. The plan shall indicate the following:
- The proposed, existing use of every part or modified portions of the plan clearly identified and provided with a narrative description of the scope of work/activity;
- The details of all means of escape (travel distance, common path & dead-end limit) to the external at the ground level from every part of the floor such as exit doors, corridors, passageways, aisles, gangways, balconies, lobbies, ramps, exit passageways, escape and fire fighting staircases, areas of refuge, exit and directional sign.
- The fire resistance rating of all elements of structure, fire doors, walls, occupancy separation, exit passageways, enclosure of hazardous rooms, shutters and any other such fire safety measures;
- The location of all existing and proposed fire lifts, fire lift lobbies, smoke-stop lobbies, fire command center and emergency power supply system/generator rooms;
- The location fire water tanks and fire pump room complying with the requirements for the direct safe distance from building external. The fire pump equipment shall be within a protected enclosure in accordance with NFPA 20 and provided with an unobstructed space of 0.80m all around the equipment.
- The location of all areas designated for the storage of flammable liquids or gases (LPG, etc), boiler rooms, transformer rooms (substations), generator rooms, refuse rooms/chutes and any other area of special risk;
- The details of all openings and void penetrating floors (vertical openings), including their usage and fire protection, dimensions and the nature and arrangement of enclosing walls and barricades;
Elevation drawings with ratio of 1:100 or 1:200. The elevation drawings shall indicate the following::
- The provisions of firemen access panels on the external walls and claddings.
- The clear distance of the external wall from the fire fighting vehicles and equipment access, lot boundary, adjacent building and other structures.
- The types of materials used for the external walls & claddings.
Sectional drawings with ratio of 1:100 or 1:200, which are necessary to fully describe all details and configurations of the proposed building or part thereof and of the proposed fire safety works and shall include the following:
- Full height of each storey and the depth of ceiling spaces;
- Details of all junction between the roof and any compartment walls;
- The dimensions of tread and risers, guard rails and handrails of exit staircases;
- Exit Paths, Exit Stairways identification,, markings and directional sign; re-entry provisions and etc.
- The dimensions of openings in external walls;
- The clear height of all structures or projections directly above the access for fire fighting vehicles and equipment;
- The clear distance of the external wall from the fire fighting vehicles and equipment access, lot boundary, adjacent building and other structures;
- The types of materials used in and the thickness of all walls, floors roof, ceilings, beams and other related parts of the building;
- Enlarge details of curtain walling at the junction with the typical floor slab to show the provisions of fire stopping or fire cavity barriers and or details showing provisions for perimeter joint fire protection system.