GENERAL FIRE SAFETY REQUIREMENTS - GUIDELINES ANNEX


GA 1.1 BASIC REQUIREMENTS
GA_1.1 – Revisions_2015
Item No. Provisions Notes
0.0 Compliance and Approval

What must be approved

How to submit

0.1 All development and structures in Qatar must have fire safety plans prepared to protect the public from the effects of fire. All fire safety plans must be submitted to the Qatar Civil Defence (QCD) for approval.
0.2 Submission of fire safety plans must be made online via the Ministry of Interior (MOI) online permit application system (PS). The plans must be uploaded onto the PS where they will be retained as a legal document for future reference.
0.3 Only architects, specialist consultants and professional engineers who are suitably qualified (refer to Annex A of QCD Fire Safety Handbook No. 1 and are accredited by the Urban Planning Development Authority (UPDA) may make submissions. Who may submit
0.4 For QCD approval, the plans must be prepared in accordance with the QCD Fire Safety Handbook and Guidelines for Plan Submissions and Approval. Plans must show compliance with the NFPA codes and the QCD Particular Requirements. Information and format required Information and format required
0.5 Proposed fire safety plans that do not meet the prescriptive requirements of the codes may be approved as an Alternative Solution. Alternative Solutions
0.6 Alternative Solutions are performance based in that they analyses the performance of a particular proposal and demonstrate the same or a better level of fire safety is achieved. Performance Based Submissions
0.7

The following protocol must be followed when deviating from the prescriptive requirements.

(1) Identify the relevant prescriptive requirement(s) of each section or part of the codes that is to be the subject of the Alternative Solution.

(2) Identify the performance requirements from the same section or part of the codes that are relevant to the identified prescriptive requirements

(3) Identify the performance requirements form other sections or parts that are relevant to any aspect of the Alternative Solution proposed or that are affected by the application of the prescriptive requirements which are the subject of the Alternative Solution

(4) Only Alternative Solutions that show either of the following will be considered for approval.

(a) Compliance with the Performance Requirements.
(b) Is at least equivalent to the prescriptive requirements.
(c) A combination of (a) and (b) above.
 
The International Fire Engineering Guidelines (IFEG), 2005 must be used to formulate Alternative Solution submissions.
 
0.8 The Fire Engineering Brief must be approved by the QCD prior to proceeding with any analysis.  
0.9 Subject to the complexity and methods of analysis proposed in the submission, the QCD may require a peer review of the proposal.  
0.10 The peer review must be selected from a number of recognized practicing fire safety engineers acceptable to the QCD.  
1.0 Portable Fire Extinguishers  
1.1 Portable fire extinguishers must be QCD approved and be either LPC or Kitemark (BSI) certified, UL listed or VdS or FM approved.  
2.0 Hose Reels  
2.1 Hose reels must be QCD approved and either LPC or Kitemark (BSI) certified, UL listed or VdS or FM approved.  
2.2 Unless specifically exempted by the codes, hose reels are required and must be provided for all buildings.  
2.3 Where required, buildings must be provided with 25mm (1”) nominal diameter hose reels 30m long such that all parts of the building can be reached by 2 hoses each with a throw of a maximum of 6m. Where a throw of greater than 6m is relied upon, hydraulic analysis must be provided in justification.  
2.4 Water supplies for hose reels must be sufficient for 15 minutes operation for at least 2 hoses.  
3.0 Fire Pumps  
3.1 Entire fire pump assemblies including controllers must be QCD approved and be LPC certified, UL listed or VdS or FM approved.  
3.2 Selection must be in accordance with NFPA 20.  
3.3 A minimum of one duty and one standby pump must be provided. Fire pumps must be installed in accordance with QCDFSS 6.7  
4.0 Sprinkler Valves  
4.1 Sprinkler alarm check valves must be QCD approved and be LPC certified, UL listed or VdS or FM approved.  
5.0 Valves  
5.1 All valves must be QCD approved and be LPC certified, UL listed or VdS or FM approved.  
6.0 Sprinklers  
6.1 All sprinklers must be QCD approved and be LPC certified, UL listed or VdS or FM approved.  
6.2 Valves must be selected in accordance with the NFPA13.  
7.0 Reserve.  
8.0 Pipes and tubes  
8.1 Pipes and fittings that meet the specifications in the codes do not require QCD certification. The pipe and fittings mill certificates must be retained on site for presentation on request by the QCD Inspector at the time of application for final inspection for the issue of the Fire Safety Certificate.  
8.2 Pipes must be sized by hydraulic calculations in accordance with the NFPA13 chapter 22. Information to be submitted with plans for approval must be that detailed in section 22.1, 22.2 and 22.3.  
8.3 All pipe and fittings must have a minimum service pressure of 175psig and at 60ºC.  
8.4 Ferrous piping must be corrosion resistant.  
8.5 Minimum test pressure must be 250 psig or 50 psi above the service pressure at 60ºC.  
8.6 Pressure testing and flushing of piping must be conducted in accordance with NFPA13 and must be witnessed by the responsible engineer.  
8.7 Flushing connections must be provided at the end of each cross-main section. Their minimum size must be at least 40mm nominal diameter) of each zone. Inspector Test Connections (ITC) are not acceptable as flushing connections and must not be used for this purpose.  
8.8 All piping must be flushed to clear any possible blockages. Method Statement of the flushing procedure and original inspection reports witnessed and signed by the responsible engineer must be submitted as evidence of compliance on completion of the installation.  
8.9 Pipe supports and hangars must be standard types and listed for purpose.  
8.10 Where non-listed pipe hangars and supports are used, they must be designed to take five (5) times the weight of the pipe and fitting (tees, elbows, valves, etc.) including the volume of water it carries plus 114kg. Calculations must be provided to verify their adequacy and such calculation must be signed by a professional engineer.  
8.11 Piping must be painted red on completion to clearly identify its purpose.  
8.12 Reserve.  
9.0 Fittings  
9.1 Fittings must be from material compatible with the pipe chosen.  
9.2 Jointing methods must be threaded, grooved, flanged or other suitable method able to withstand the test pressures.  
9.3 Grooved joints must be LPC certified, UL Listed or FM approved.  
9.4 Welded joints must be qualified.  
10.0 Fire Brigade Breeching Inlets  
10.1 Fire brigade breeching inlets must be mounted such that the centerline of the device is 750mm above the surrounding level.  
11.0 Reserve.  
12.0 Fire Alarm  
12.1 Fire alarm systems must be UL Listed, FM approved or LPC certified Approved.  
12.2 Mimic Panels must be provided in accordance with QCD FSS 6.3 Fire Alarm Systems.  
13.0 Reserve.  
14.0 Smoke Control  
14.1 Smoke Control Systems must be stand-alone systems.  
14.2 Smoke Control System Fan controls must be located adjacent to the Main Fire Alarm Panel. The smoke control fan must be provided with a rotary selector switch and indicating light for each fan that indicates the following.  
15.0 Reserve.  
16.0 Fire Damper  
16.1 Must be UL Listed, FM approved or LPC certified Approved. The fire resistance rating must be at least equal to that of the elements of the structure and wall.  
17.0 Motorized smoke control Damper  
17.1 Must be UL Listed, FM approved or LPC certified Approved. The damper must be capable of operating at minimum 250°C for 2 hours  
18.0 Fire-rated duct  
18.1 Fire rated ducting must be QCD approved and be either LPC or Kitemark (BSI) certified, UL Listed or VdS or FM approved.  
18.2 The fire resistance rating must be at least equal to that of the elements of the structure and wall through which it passes.  
18.3 Duct manufactured from 1.2mm thick galvanized sheet steel is deemed to have an inherent fire resistance of up to 1 hour.  
18.4 Intumescent coatings applied to a steel duct are not an acceptable method of enhancing the materials fire resistance properties unless a test report issued by a test laboratory acceptable to the QCD is provided. The test must set out the results any other relevant information that demonstrates its suitability for use in the application intended.  
19.0 Temperature rating of fans for Smoke Control Systems  
19.1 Smoke control fans must be UL Listed, FM approved, CE mark or LPC certified.  
19.2 Fans must be capable of operating at minimum 250°C for 2 hours.  
20.0 Maintenance  
20.1 All fire and life safety systems must be properly maintained under a documented preventative maintenance inspection and test plan.  
20.2 Documentary evidence of compliance with this requirement must be maintained on the building premises in a suitable location at all times. They must be readily available for presentation to QCD inspectors on request.  
20.3 These documents must be kept in a secure and safe location at the fire command center or where no fire command center is provided, in the security office or the administration office and where central