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GENERAL FIRE SAFETY REQUIREMENTS – GUIDELINES ANNEX

GA 10.0

MASJID

GA_10.0 – Revisions_2015

Item No.

Provisions

Notes

1.0

General Requirements.

1.1

Applications. New buildings or portion thereof used as Masjid with an occupant load exceeding fifty (50) person.

1.1.1

Administration. The General Directorate of Civil Defence general fire safety requirements shall apply.

1.1.2

General. The General Directorate of Civil Defence general fire safety requirements shall apply.

1.2

Classification Of Occupancy. Classification of occupancies shall be Assembly Occupancy.

1.3

Multiple Occupancies.

1.3.1

General. Multiple occupancies shall comply with either of item 1.3.2 or 1.3.3.

1.3.2

Mixed occupancies

1.3.2.1

Each portion of the building shall be classified as to its use.

1.3.2.2

The means of egress facilities, construction type, protection, and other safeguards in the building shall comply with the most restrictive fire and life safety requirements of the occupancies involved.

1.3.3

Separated Occupancies

1.3.3.1

Where separated occupancies are provided, each part of the building comprising a distinct occupancy, shall be completely separated from other occupancies by fire-resistive assemblies.

1.3.3.2

Occupancy separations shall be vertical, horizontal, or both or, when necessary, of such other form as required to provide complete separation between occupancy divisions in the building.

1.3.4

Assembly and Residential Occupancies in Masjid.

1.3.4.1

The provisions of this requirements shall apply to the assembly occupancy Prayer Halls.

GENERAL FIRE SAFETY REQUIREMENTS – GUIDELINES ANNEX

GENERAL FIRE SAFETY REQUIREMENTS – GUIDELINES ANNEX

GENERAL FIRE SAFETY REQUIREMENTS – GUIDELINES ANNEX

GENERAL FIRE SAFETY REQUIREMENTS – GUIDELINES ANNEX

GENERAL FIRE SAFETY REQUIREMENTS – GUIDELINES ANNEX

GENERAL FIRE SAFETY REQUIREMENTS – GUIDELINES ANNEX

GENERAL FIRE SAFETY REQUIREMENTS – GUIDELINES ANNEX

GENERAL FIRE SAFETY REQUIREMENTS – GUIDELINES ANNEX

GENERAL FIRE SAFETY REQUIREMENTS – GUIDELINES ANNEX

GENERAL FIRE SAFETY REQUIREMENTS – GUIDELINES ANNEX

GENERAL FIRE SAFETY REQUIREMENTS – GUIDELINES ANNEX

GENERAL FIRE SAFETY REQUIREMENTS – GUIDELINES ANNEX

GENERAL FIRE SAFETY REQUIREMENTS – GUIDELINES ANNEX

GENERAL FIRE SAFETY REQUIREMENTS – GUIDELINES ANNEX

GA 10.0

MASJID

GA 10.0

MASJID

GA 10.0

MASJID

GA 10.0

MASJID

GA 10.0

MASJID

GA 10.0

MASJID

GA 10.0

MASJID

GA 10.0

MASJID

GA 10.0

MASJID

GA 10.0

MASJID

GA 10.0

MASJID

GA 10.0

MASJID

GA 10.0

MASJID

GA 10.0

MASJID

GA_10.0 – Revisions_2015

GA_10.0 – Revisions_2015

GA_10.0 – Revisions_2015

GA_10.0 – Revisions_2015

GA_10.0 – Revisions_2015

GA_10.0 – Revisions_2015

GA_10.0 – Revisions_2015

GA_10.0 – Revisions_2015

GA_10.0 – Revisions_2015

GA_10.0 – Revisions_2015

GA_10.0 – Revisions_2015

GA_10.0 – Revisions_2015

GA_10.0 – Revisions_2015

GA_10.0 – Revisions_2015

Item No.

Provisions

Notes

1.3.4.2

The General Directorate of Civil Defence general fire safety requirements on Dwellings (refer to Annex A, attached to this requirements) shall apply to residential occupancies Imam/Muezzin House.

1.4

Definitions.

1.4.1

Special Definitions.

1.4.1.1

Ablution Facilities. Ablution fountains or other facilities for washing and cleansing of body before prayer.

1.4.1.2

Sahan. A courtyard that serves as an entryway and prayer hall extension.

1.4.1.3

Imam/Muezzin House. Islamic worship leaders and mosque administrators house or sleeping room/s.

1.4.1.4

Masjid. An Arabic word for Mosque use for Islamic praise and worship during prayer times.

1.4.1.5

Mosque. An Islamic building assembly oriented to Makah, use for praise and worship during prayer times for five times a day.

1.4.1.5.1

The mosque are compose of Prayer Hall use for prayer assembly, Ablution for washing and cleansing of body before prayer, Minaret tower use for calling for prayers and Muezzin and Imam house/ Room use as dormitory for Muezzin and facilitator of the mosque.

1.4.1.6

Mihrab. A semicircular niche in the wall of a mosque that indicates the Qibla; that is, the direction of the Kaaba in Mecca and hence the direction that Muslims should face when praying.

1.4.1.7

Minaret. A high tower attached to mosque, use by Muezzin to call and summons the people to prayer.

1.4.1.8

Prayer Hall. Also known as the Musallah is an assembly hall and the main part of mosque which is oriented to Makah.

1.4.1.9

Riwaq. An arcade or portico that serves as the transition space between the interior main prayer halls and outdoor spaces, sahan or courtyard.

1.5

Classification Of Hazard Of Contents.

1.5.1

Contents of assembly occupancy Masjid shall be classified as Ordinary Hazards.

Item No.

Provisions

Notes

1.6

Minimum Construction Requirements.

1.6.1

Masjid shall be limited to the building construction Type I, Type II and Type III in accordance with NFPA 5000 Section 7.2

1.7

Occupant Load.

1.7.1

Musallah/Prayer Halls occupant load shall not exceed one person in 7 ft² (0. 65 m²).

1.7.2

Sahan/Courtyard occupant load shall not exceed one person in in 15 ft² (1.4 m²) .

1.7.3

Life Safety Evaluation. Where the occupant load exceeds 6000, a life safety evaluation shall be performed in accordance with item 4.1 of this requirement.

2.0

Means Of Egress Requirements.

2.1

General.

2.1.1

All means of egress shall be in accordance with NFPA 101 Chapter 7 (refer to Annex A, attached to this requirements) and as specified in this requirement.

2.2

Means Of Egress Components.

2.2.1

Doors.

2.2.1.1

Door openings in the means of egress shall not be less than 32 in. (810 mm) in clear width, except under any of the following conditions:

1. Where a pair of door leaves is provided, one door leaf shall provide not less than a 32 in. (810 mm) clear width opening.
2. Door openings serving a building or portion thereof not required to be accessible to persons with severe mobility impairments shall be permitted to be 28 in. (710 mm) in door leaf width.

2.2.1.2

Door leaves required to be of the side-hinged or pivoted-swinging type shall swing in the direction of egress travel under any of the following conditions:

1. Where serving a room or area with an occupant load of 50 or more.
2. Where the door assembly is used in an exit enclosure.

Item No.

Provisions

Notes

2.2.2

Stairs.

2.2.2.1

Where the total occupant load of all stories served by the stair is fewer than 50, the minimum width clear of all obstructions, except projections not more than 41/2 in. (114 mm) at or below handrail height on each side, shall be 36 in. (915 mm).

2.2.2.2

Where stairs serve occupant loads exceeding 50, the minimum width clear of all obstructions, except projections not more than 41/2 in. (114 mm) at or below handrail height on each side, shall be in accordance with Table 7.2.2.2.1.2(B).

2.2.3

Ramps. Every ramp used as a component in a means of egress shall be in accordance with Table 7.2.5.2 (a).

2.2.3.2

Ramped aisles not part of an accessible means of egress shall be permitted to have a slope not steeper than 1 in 8.

2.3

Capacity Of Means Of Egress.

2.3.1

Exits from the masjid shall be sized appropriately.

2.3.2

The capacity of means of egress shall be in accordance with the following:

1. Stairways - 7.6 mm/person
2. Level Components and Ramps – 5.0 mm/person

2.3.3

Main Entrance/Exit. The main entrance/exit shall be of a width that accommodates two-thirds of the total occupant load.

2.3.4

Other Exits. Each level of the Masjid shall have access to the main entrance/exit and shall be provided with additional exits of a width to accommodate not less than one-half of the total occupant load served by that level.

2.3.5

Minimum Corridor Width. The width of any exit access corridor serving 50 or more persons shall be not less than 44 in. (1120 mm).

2.4

Number Of The Means Of Egress.

2.4.1

The number of means of egress from any story, or portion thereof shall be not less than two (2).

Item No.

Provisions

Notes

2.4.2

The number of means of egress from any story or portion thereof, shall be as follows:

1. Occupant load more than 500 but not more than 1000 — not less than 3
2. Occupant load more than 1000 — not less than 4

2.5

Arrangement Of The Means Of Egress

2.5.1

Exits shall be located as far apart as practicable and as far from the main entrance/exit as practicable.

2.5.2

Exits, exit accesses, or exit discharges shall be located at a distance from one another not less than one-half the length of the maximum overall diagonal dimension of the building or area to be served, measured in a straight line between the nearest edge of the exits, exit accesses, or exit discharges.

2.5.3

Exits through an enclosed or protected stair serving the Imam & Muezzin House from the upper stories shall not pass through areas of the Masjid at the level of exit discharge.

2.5.4

A common path of travel shall be permitted for the first 20 ft. (6100 mm) from any point where the common path serves any number of occupants.

2.5.5

A common path of travel shall be permitted for the first 75 ft. (23 m) from any point where the common path serves not more than 50 occupants

2.5.6

Dead-end corridors shall not exceed 20 ft. (6100 mm).

2.5.7

A fire assembly point for the total worshipper population of the masjid shall be provided.

2.5.8

If the fire assembly point is not within the masjid plot, it should be directly accessible and clearly signposted from it.

2.6

Travel Distance To Exits.

2.6.1

Exits shall be arranged so that the total length of travel from any point to reach an exit shall not exceed 200 ft. (61 m) in the Masjid.

2.7

Exit Discharge.

2.7.1

Exit Termination. Exits shall terminate directly, at a public way or at an exterior exit discharge.

Item No.

Provisions

Notes

Assembly Areas 55 70

Storage Areas 55 70

Mechanical Rooms 90 105

3.4.3.2

Strobes.

3.4.3.2.1

Provide visual notification appliances in all common areas (e.g., restrooms, conference rooms, break areas, corridors, hallways, stairways, lobbies), open areas with calculated occupant loads of 10 or more occupants, and in locations with a high ambient sound level (e.g., mechanical rooms).

3.4.3.3

Emergency Responder Appliance:

3.4.3.3.1

At the main entrance(s) to the building, provide a weatherproof outdoor-listed strobe on the exterior wall of the building that is readily visible to emergency responders for indicating when the building fire alarm system is in an ALARM condition.

3.5

Extinguishment Requirements.

3.5.1

Portable fire extinguisher.

3.5.1.1

Portable fire extinguisher shall be provided throughout the building in accordance with NFPA 10 or the following:

3.5.1.2

Provide fire extinguishers of type, size, and capacity mounted in brackets or inside a cabinet.

1. A minimum of 10-lb (5-kg), multi-purpose, UL listed, dry chemical fire extinguisher with a minimum rating of 4-A:40-B:C.

3.5.1.3

Mounting Brackets: Manufacturer’s standard steel bracket, designed to secure extinguisher, of sizes required for types and capacities of fire extinguisher indicated, with plated or baked-enamel finish.

3.5.1.4

Fire extinguishers installed outside shall be located in approved weather-tight fire extinguisher cabinets

3.5.2

Fire Extinguishers Cabinet

3.5.2.1

Unless specified otherwise on construction drawings, provide fire extinguisher cabinet of type, size, and rating as indicated below, or equivalent.

Item No.

Provisions

Notes

3.5.2.8

Door Material. Steel sheet.

3.5.2.9

Door Glazing: Clear Float Glass, ASTM C1036, Type 1, Class 1.

3.5.2.10

Door Style: Vertical duo panel with frame.

Door Construction: Provide a minimum ½-inch (13 mm) thick door frames

3.5.2.11

Door Hardware: Provide manufacturer’s standard door-operating hardware of proper type for cabinet type, trim style, and door material and style indicated. Provide recessed door pull and friction latch. Provide continuous-type hinge permitting door to open 180 degrees.

3.5.2.12

Cabinet and Door Finishes: Provide manufacturer’s standard baked-enamel paint for the exterior and interior of the cabinet and doors.

3.6

Air-Conditioning And Mechanical Ventilation System

3.6.1

General Design Requirements.

3.6.1.1

Where provided for the Masjid, air-conditioning and ventilation system shall be designed according to applicable NFPA and QCDD standards and other internationally recognized engineering standards.

3.6.2

HVAC System.

3.6.2.1

Ventilation rates. Minimum requirements for ventilation rates shall be in accordance with Qatar ________/local requirements.

3.6.2.2

HVAC system. HVAC system employing air handling units designed to supply conditioned and filtered air for occupant comfort shall conform to internationally recognized engineering standards.

3.6.2.3

Positive pressure ventilation. Positive pressure ventilation should be maintained to prevent the ingress of heat, humidity, dust and other unwanted particles in air into the masjid.

3.6.2.4

Ventilation system air Intakes.

Item No.

Provisions

Notes

3.1

Protection Of Vertical Openings. Any vertical opening shall be enclosed or protected unless otherwise permitted in item 3.1.1.

3.1.1

Stairs or ramps shall be permitted to be unenclosed between balconies or mezzanines and main assembly areas located below, provided that the balcony or mezzanine is open to the main assembly area.

3.2

Protection From Hazards.

3.2.1

Only the following types of cooking equipment shall be permitted.

1. Outdoor equipment
2. Portable equipment not flue-connected
3. Equipment used only for food warming

3.3

Interior Finish.

3.3.1

Corridors, Lobbies, and Enclosed Stairways.

3.3.1.1

Interior wall and ceiling finish materials shall be Class A or Class B in all corridors and lobbies and shall be Class A in enclosed stairways.

3.3.2

Assembly Areas.

3.3.2.1

Interior wall and ceiling finish materials shall be Class A or Class B in the Masjid Areas.

3.3.3

Interior Floor Finish.

3.3.3.1

Interior floor finish in exit enclosures and exit access corridors and in spaces not separated from them by fire rated corridor walls shall be not less than Class II.

3.3.3.2

Carpet and carpet like interior floor finish shall comply with ASTM D2859 Standard Test Method for Ignition Characteristics of Finished Textile Floor Covering Materials.

3.4 3.4.1

Detection, Alarm, And Communications Systems.

Item No.

Provisions

Notes

Fire Alarm System.

3.4.1.1

Fire Alarm System shall be provided in all Masjid.

3.4.1.2

Initiation of the required fire alarm system shall be by manual means.

3.4.1.3

Masjid with occupant load of more than 300, automatic detection shall be provided in all hazardous areas that are not normally occupied, unless such areas are protected throughout by an approved supervised automatic sprinkler system.

3.4.1.4

The required fire alarm system shall activate an audible and visible alarm inside the building to initiate emergency action.

3.4.2

Manual Pull Stations.

3.4.2.1

Provide manual pull stations at the following locations:

1. Install manual pull stations at locations max. 1.5 meters distance from exit doors and 1.2 to 1.5 meters above finish floor level.
2. Equipment rooms.
3. At doors leading to stairways on floors above and below the main floor.
4. In normal paths of exits highly visible locations so the travel distance from any point in the building to a manual pull stations does not exceed 30 meters.

3.4.3

Notification Appliances

3.4.3.1

Horns or bells.

3.4.3.1.1

Provide audible notification appliances throughout the building as required to achieve the decibel levels required by NFPA 72, Section 18.4.3. Do not install audible notification appliances in stairways or near exit discharges. The average and minimum decibel levels required for the various occupancies at SNL are listed below: [72:Table A.18.4.3]

3.4.3.1.2

Occupancy Avg. Ambient dBA Minimum dBA Required

Dwelling Areas 55 70

Item No.

Provisions

Notes

3.6.2.4.1

All air intakes including doors and operable windows, shall be designed with minimum separation distance from possible sources of fire.

3.6.2.4.2

Outside air intakes shall be located to avoid possibility of drawing in combustible materials or flammable vapors into the building.

3.6.2.4.3

Outside air intakes shall be located to minimize the introduction of smoke into the building.

3.6.2.4.4

Air intakes shall be located with reference to combustible buildings and hazardous facilities to minimize possible introduction of fires from these buildings/facilities.

3.6.2.4.5

Outside air intakes shall be protected by screens or louvers made from corrosion resistant materials.

3.6.2.5

Ventilation system exhaust air discharges.

3.6.2.5.1

All exhaust air discharges shall be located away from public areas.

3.6.2.5.2

All exhaust air discharges shall be located away from air intakes so as to avoid recirculation of contaminated air, smoke or other harmful gases into the building.

3.6.2.6

Ventilation air ducts.

3.6.2.6.1

Duct materials and joints shall be capable of withstanding probable temperatures and pressures to which they could be exposed.

3.6.2.6.2

Ducts shall be constructed and installed with due consideration for structural strength and durability in accordance with recognized good engineering practices.

3.6.2.6.3

Ducts designed to convey smoke or designed as part of smoke extraction system shall have minimum protection rating of 250°C for 2 hours.

3.6.2.7

Automatic dampers. Automatic dampers, regardless of the purpose for which the same will be installed, shall be approved and listed, conforming to requirements of recognized standards.

3.6.2.8

Fans and AHUs.

Item No.

Provisions

Notes

3.6.2.8.1

Fans, AHUs and its associated components or accessories shall be suitable for its intended use.

3.6.2.8.2

Fans, AHUs and its associated components or accessories shall be capable of withstanding probable temperatures for which they could be exposed.

3.6.2.8.3

Fans and AHUs shall be located, arranged and installed to afford access for inspection and maintenance.

3.6.2.8.4

Fans and AHUs shall shut down automatically upon receipt of a fire alarm from installed fire protection systems in the building.

3.6.3

Smoke Exhaust/Extraction System

3.6.3.1

Where provided in the building, smoke exhaust/extraction system shall be designed in accordance with applicable standards.

3.6.3.2

Smoke layer. The height of the lowest horizontal surface of the smoke layer interface shall be maintained at least 1830 mm (6 ft) above any walking surface within the fire zone that forms part of the required egress system.

3.6.3.3

Design fire. Engineering analysis shall be performed in determining the design fire. Such analysis shall consider among others the type of fuels available in the area, fuel characteristics, fuel load, heat release rates, characteristics of the fire likely to be produced and interaction with automatic sprinkler system, where provided in the building.

3.6.3.4

Exhaust fans and associated components designed for smoke exhaust/extraction shall be rated and certified according to the probable temperature to which they can be exposed.

3.6.3.5

Fans shall be approved for specific installation.

3.6.3.6

Fans shall be rated at minimum 250°C for 2 hours.

3.6.3.7

Fans shall be located, arranged and installed to afford access for inspection and maintenance.

3.6.3.8

Exhaust from toilets and ablution areas shall not be recirculated.

3.6.3.9

Separate or independent air exhaust/extraction system discharging directly to external shall be provided for areas or rooms containing hazardous chemicals.

Item No.

Provisions

Notes

2.7.2

Means of egress shall be permitted to terminate in the Sahn or Courtyard provided that it is open to the sky and have the required number of exit that can accommodate 100 percent of the required egress capacity from both the courtyard and the main areas of the Masjid.

2.7.3

Exit discharges shall be arranged to meet the remoteness criteria of item 2.5.2 of this requirement.

2.8

Illumination Of Means Of Egress.

2.8.1

Means of egress shall be illuminated.

2.8.2

Illumination of means of egress shall be continuous during the time that the conditions of occupancy require that the means of egress be available for use.

2.9

Emergency Lighting.

2.9.1

Emergency lighting facilities for means of egress shall be provided.

2.9.2

Emergency lighting in the courtyard should provide illumination to a public way.

2.10

Marking of Means of Egress.

2.10.1

Exits, other than main exterior exit doors that obviously and clearly are identifiable as exits, shall be marked by an approved sign that is readily visible from any direction of exit access.

2.10.2

Access to exits shall be marked by approved, readily visible signs in all cases where the exit or way to reach the exit is not readily apparent to the occupants.

2.10.3

Evacuation diagrams in accordance shall be provided.

2.10.3.1

Where a posted floor evacuation diagram is required, floor evacuation diagrams reflecting the actual floor arrangement and exit locations shall be posted and oriented in a location and manner acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction.

3.0

Protection

Item No.

Provisions

Notes

3.6.3.10

Smoke exhaust/extraction system shall be capable of being operated automatically and manually.

4.0

Special Provisions

4.1

Life Safety Evaluation.

4.1.1

Where a life safety evaluation is required it shall comply with the following:

1. The life safety evaluation shall be performed by persons acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction.
2. The life safety evaluation shall include a written assessment of safety measures for conditions listed in item 4.1.2.
3. The life safety evaluation shall be approved annually by the authority having jurisdiction and shall be updated for special or unusual conditions.

4.1.2

Life safety evaluations shall include an assessment of the following conditions and related appropriate safety measures:

1. Nature of the events and the participants and attendees
2. Access and egress movement, including crowd density problems
3. Medical emergencies
4. Fire hazards
5. Permanent and temporary structural systems
6. Severe weather conditions
7. Earthquakes
8. Civil or other disturbances
9. Hazardous materials incidents within and near the facility
10. Relationships among facility management, event participants, emergency response agencies, and others having a role in the events accommodated in the facility

4.1.3

Life safety evaluations shall include assessments of both building systems and management features upon which reliance is placed for the safety of facility occupants, and such assessments shall consider scenarios appropriate to the facility.

Item No.

Provisions

Notes

Trim Style & Projection

Inside Box Dimensions (inches) (H x W x D)

Recessed

24 x 9½ x 6

Semi-recessed

24 x 9½ x 6

Surface Mounted (outdoor use only)

27¼ x 11½ x 8½

3.5.2.2

Cabinet Size: The minimum inside box dimensions shall be 24”H x 9½W x 6”D

3.5.2.3

Cabinet Construction: Provide manufacturer’s standard box, with trim, frame, door, and hardware to suit cabinet type, trim style, and door style indicated. Weld joints and grind smooth. Miter and weld perimeter door frames.

3.5.2.4

Fire-Rated Cabinets: Listed and labeled to meet requirements of ASTM E814 for fire-resistance rating of wall where it is installed. Construct fire-rated cabinets with double walls fabricated from 0.0478-inch (1.2-mm) thick, cold-rolled steel sheet lined with minimum 5/8-inch (16-mm) thick, fire-barrier material. Provide factory drilled mounting holes.

1. Cabinet Metal: Enameled-steel sheet.
2. Shelf: Same metal and finish as cabinet.

3.5.2.5

Cabinet Mounting. Suitable for the following:

1. Recessed: Cabinet box recessed in walls of sufficient depth to suit style of trim indicated.
2. Semi-recessed: Cabinet box partially recessed in walls of shallow depth to suit style of trim indicated.
3. Surface Mounted: Cabinet box fully exposed and mounted directly on wall.

3.5.2.6

Cabinet Trim Style. Fabricate cabinet trim in one piece with corners mitered, welded and ground smooth.

3.5.2.7

Cabinet Trim Material. Steel sheet.

Item No.

Provisions

Notes

4.1.2

Life safety evaluations shall include an assessment of the following conditions and related appropriate safety measures:

11. Nature of the events and the participants and attendees
12. Access and egress movement, including crowd density problems
13. Medical emergencies
14. Fire hazards
15. Permanent and temporary structural systems
16. Severe weather conditions
17. Earthquakes
18. Civil or other disturbances
19. Hazardous materials incidents within and near the facility
20. Relationships among facility management, event participants, emergency response agencies, and others having a role in the events accommodated in the facility

4.1.3

Life safety evaluations shall include assessments of both building systems and management features upon which reliance is placed for the safety of facility occupants, and such assessments shall consider scenarios appropriate to the facility.