QCD

MEANS OF EGRESS

COLLEGE DORMITORIES / STUDENT HOUSING / MILITARY BARRACKS / LABOR/WORKERS & STAFF HOUSING.A BUILDING OR GROUP OF BUILDINGS THAT PROVIDES SLEEPING ACCOMODATIONS ON A TRANSIENT OR PERMANENT BASIS WITH OR WITHOUT MEALS BUT WITHOUT SEPARATE COOKING FACILITIES FOR INDIVIDUAL OCCUPANTS

IVMEANS OF EGRESSLOW-RISE DORMITORY & ACCOMODATIONS BUILDINGS
A MEANS OF EGRESS GENERAL REQUIREMENTS  
1 SEPARATION OF MEANS OF EGRESS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
  EXIT ACCESS CORRIDORS SERVING AN AREA HAVING AN OCCUPANT LOAD EXCEEDING 30 1-HR FRR*
  EXITS CONNECTS 3 OR FEWER STORIES 1-HR FRR*
CONNECTS 4 OR MORE STORIES 2-HRS FRR*
  OPENING PROTECTIVE FIRE DOOR ASSEMBLIES EQUIPPED WITH DOOR CLOSERS REQUIRED
  CONSTRUCTION LIMITED OR NON-COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS REQUIRED
  OPENINGS AND PENETRATIONS IN EXIT ENCLOSURE COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
2 EXITS HEADROOM NOT LESS THAN 2285MM REQUIRED
  HEADROOM ON STAIRS NOT LESS TAHN 2285MM REQUIRED
3 WALKING SURFACES IN THE MEANS OF EGRESS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
4 CHANGES IN LEVEL IN THE MEANS OF EGRESS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
5 GUARDS PROVIDED AT THE OPEN SIDES OF MEANS OF EGRESS 760MM ABOVE THE FLOOR OR FINISHED GROUND LEVEL REQUIRED
6 IMPEDIMENT TO EGRESS   NOT PERMITTED
7 MEANS OF EGRESS RELIABILITY MAINTAINED FREE OF ALL OBSTRUCTION OR IMPEDIMENTS REQUIRED
  FURNISHING AND DECORATION FURNITURES, MOVABLE OBJECTS, MIRRORS, ETC. NOT PERMITTED
B MEANS OF EGRESS COMPONENTS    
1 FIRE DOORS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
SIDE-HINGE OR PIVOTED-SWINGING TYPE ANY DOOR ASSEMBLY IN A MEANS OF EGRESS REQUIRED
MINIMUM DOOR LEAF WIDTH 810MM
HORIZONTAL SLIDING DOORS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 NOT PERMITTED ACROSS CORRIDORS
VERTICAL ROLLING DOORS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 NOT PERMITTED
REVOLVING DOOR / POWERED DOORS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
SELF-CLOSING DEVICES IN ALL DOORS REQUIRED TO BE NORMALLY KEPT CLOSED REQUIRED
2 STAIRS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
STANDARD STAIRS FEWER THAN 50 PERSON (CLEAR WIDTH) 915MM
1120MM
>2000 PERSON (CLEAR WIDTH) 1420MM
SPRIRAL STAIRS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
CURVE STAIRS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 NOT PERMITTED
WINDERS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 NOT PERMITTED
GUARDS AND HANDRAILS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
ENCLOSURE AND PROTECTION OF STAIRS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
ENCLOSURES ALL INSIDE STAIR SERVING AS AN EXIT COMPONENT REQUIRED
DOORS FPR* < 3 STOREYS / > 3 STOREYS 1-HR FPR** / 1.5-HRS FPR**
ENCLOSURES FRR* < 3 STOREYS / > 3 STOREYS 1-HR FRR** / 2-HRS FRR**
ENCLOSURE EXEMPTION PENETRATING 1 LEVEL OR SERVING MEZZANINE ONLY PERMITTED
EXPOSURES WALLS AND OPENINGS WITHIN 3050MM HORIZONTALLY OF AN EXTERIOR STAIRWAY ENCLOSURE 1-HR FRR*
USABLE SPACE WITHIN EXIT ENCLOSURE NOT PERMITTED
UNDER STAIRS IN ACCORDANCE WITH NFPA 101 PERMITTED
STAIRWAY IDENTIFICATION SERVING 3 OR MORE STOREYS REQUIRED
EXIT STAIR PATH MARKINGS ALL STAIR COMPONENTS REQUIRED
PERIMETER DEMARCATION MARKING COMPLYING WITH NFPA 101 REQUIRED
LOCK, LATCHES & ALARM DEVICES COMPLYING WITH NFPA 101 PERMITTED
RE-ENTRY PROVISIONS LOCKED STAIRS EXCEEDING 4 STOREYS NOT REQUIRED
3 RAMPS COMPLYING WITH NFPA 101 PERMITTED
AS SECONDARY EXIT FOR ONE (1) BASEMENT LEVEL PERMITTED
4 ROOF ACCESS BUILDING EQUAL OR MORE THAN 4 STOREYS (G+3) OR ROOFS 12M ABOVE GRADE PLANE REQUIRED
WHERE OPEN STAIR/S ARE PERMITTED AND PROVIDED NOT APPLICABLE
ONE AT EACH 9300 SQM ROOF AREA OR FLAT ROOFS OR ROOF PITCHNOT APPLICABLE
ROOF ACCESS COMPONENTS SMOKE VENTS (FIXED WALL OPENING/S) AT THE TOP OF THE STAIRWELL WITH A MINIMUM AREA OF 1.5 SQM REQUIRED
STAIR ACCESS TO ROOF EQUIPPED WITH OPERABLE DOORS REQUIRED
5 SMOKE PROOF ENCLOSURES FRR* (FIRE RESISTANCE RATING)  
STAIR ENCLOSURES INTERIOR STAIRS SERVING AS AN EXIT COMPONENT REQUIRED
OPEN STAIR PENETRATING ONE (1) FLOOR / LEVEL ONLY PERMITTED
FIRE FIGHTING LOBBY (F/F LOBBY) IN EVERY FIRE LIFT PROVISIONS REQUIRED
ADJACENT AND ACCESIBLE TO AN EXIT STAIRCASE REQUIRED IN EVERY FIRE SERVICE ACCESS EEVATOR / FIRE LIFT PROVISIONS
SERVES AS A COMMON LOBBY FOR BOTH FIRE LIFT AND THE ADJACENT EXIT STAIRCASE
6 SQM MINIMUM AREA / WORKING SPACE (LEAST SIDE DIMENSION 2.0M)
PROVISIONS AT THE LEVEL OF EXIT DISCHARGE NOT REQUIRED
SMOKE-STOP LOBBY (S/S LOBBY) HIGH-RISE BUILDINGS WITH HABITABLE HEIGHT HIGHER THAN 28 METERS NOT APPLICABLE
BASEMENT LEVEL/S EXCEED 9.0 M DEPTH REQUIRED ON ALL FLOOR LEVELS
BUILDING TRAVERSES MORE THAN FIVE (5) FLOOR LEVELS INCLUDING BASEMENT/S AND BELONGS TO A PLACE OF PUBLIC RESORT REGARDLESS OF THE HABITABLE HEIGHT. NOT APPLICABLE
3 SQM MIN. AREA (LEAST SIDE DIMENSION 1.8M) NOT APPLICABLE
PROVISIONS AT THE LEVEL OF EXIT DISCHARGE NOT APPLICABLE
  S/S & F/F LOBBY DOORS & WALL ENCLOSURES 1.5-HR FPR** FIRE PROTECTION RATING / 2-HRS FRR* FIRE RESISTANCE RATING NOT REQUIRED
6 HORIZONTAL EXITS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
7 EXIT PASSAGEWAYS ENCLOSURE AND SEPARATION FIRE RESISTANCE RATING COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED 1-HR FRR*
MIN. WIDTH NOT LESS THAN 2/3 OF THE WIDTH OF THE EXIT STAIR REQUIRED
8 ESCALATORS & MOVING WALKS AS PART OF THE REQUIRED MEANS OF EGRESS NOT PERMITTED
9 FIRE ESCAPE STAIRS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
10 FIRE ESCAPE LADDERS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
11 SLIDE ESCAPES COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
12 ALTERNATING TREAD DEVICES COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 PERMITTED
13 AREAS OF REFUGE COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
14 ELEVATORS AS PART OF THE REQUIRED MEANS OF EGRESS NOT PERMITTED
ELEVATOR DOORS OPENING INTO EXIT ENCLOSURES NOT PERMITTED
C CAPACITY OF MEANS OF EGRESS  
1 OCCUPANT LOAD NFPA 101 TABLE 7.3.1.2 OCCUPANT LOAD FACTOR 18.6 SQM / PERSON
2 EGRESS CAPACITY NFPA 101 TABLE 7.3.3.1 CAPACITY FACTORS REQUIRED
D NUMBER OF EXITS COMPLYING WITH NFPA 101 CHAPTER 7  
1 SINGLE EXIT SERVING ALL FLOOR LEVELS PERMITTED COMPLYING WITH ALL SINGLE EXIT CONDITIONS*
IN MEZZANINES OR ANY SECTIONS WITH EXIT TRAVEL WITHIN COMMON PATH LIMIT PERMITTED
SLEEPING ROOMS HAS AN EXIT DOOR OPENING DIRECTLY TO A STREET OR YARD AT FINISHED GROUND LEVEL PERMITTED
SLEEPING ROOMS HAS DIRECT ACCESS TO OUTSIDE STAIR & SERVES A MAXIMUM OF 2 UNITS BOTH OF WHICH ARE LOCATED ON THE SAME FLOOR. PERMITTED
SLEEPING ROOMS HAS DIRECT ACCESS TO AN INSIDE STAIR SERVING ONLY THAT UNIT & SEPARATED FROM OTHER PARTS OF THE BLDG. WITH 1-HR FIRE BARRIERS PERMITTED
CONDITIONS * PERMITTING SINGLE EXIT PROVISIONS (REQUIRES COMPLIANCE TO ALL STATED CONDITIONS) 1 FLOOR AREA IS EQUAL OR LESS THAN 500 SQM REQUIRED
2 TRAVEL DISTANCE FROM THE ENTRANCE DOOR OF ANY DWELLING UNIT TO AN EXIT DOES NOT EXCEED 10.7M. REQUIRED
3 EXIT STAIRWAY IS COMPLETELY ENCLOSED OR SEPARATED FROM THE REST OF THE BUILDING REQUIRED
4 STAIRWAY SERVE ONLY 1 BASEMENT LEVEL REQUIRED
5 ALL OPENINGS BETWEEN THE EXIT ENCLOSURE AND THE BUILDING ARE PROTECTED WITH SELF-CLOSING DOOR ASSEMBLIES OF 1-HOUR FPR** REQUIRED
6 ALL CORRIDORS SERVING AS ACCESS TO EXITS HAVE A MINIMUM OF 1-HOUR FRR* REQUIRED
7 HORIZONTAL & VERTICAL SEPARATION OF 1.0-HR FRR* PROVIDED BETWEEN SLEEPING ROOMS REQUIRED
8 PROVIDED WITH SMOKE VENTS (FIXED WALL OPENING/S) THE TOP OF THE STAIRWELL WITH A MINIMUM AREA OF 1.5 SQM. REQUIRED
9 EXIT STAIR (TRAVERSES MORE THAN 5 STORIES INCLUDING BASEMENTS) IS PRESSURIZED. NOT APPLICABLE
2 NOT LESS THAN 2 SEPARATE EXITS / EXIT ACCESS DOORS SLEEPING ROOMS EXCEEDING 185 SQM REQUIRED
50 - 500 OCCUPANTS REQUIRED
ON EVERY STORY AND ACCESIBLE FROM EVERY PART OF EVERY STORY REQUIRED
3 NOT LESS THAN THREE (3) SEPARATE EXITS EQUAL OR MORE THAN 500 OCCUPANTS REQUIRED
4 NOT LESS THAN FOUR (4) SEPARATE EXITS EQUAL OR MORE THAN 1000 OCCUPANTS REQUIRED
E ARRANGEMENT OF EXITS NS*-NOT SPRINKLERED / S**-SPRINKLERED NS* S**
1 TRAVEL DISTANCE NFPA 101 TABLE A.7.6 TOTAL TRAVEL DISTANCES PERMITTED 53M 99M
WITHIN A SLEEPING ROOM TO A CORRIDOR DOOR 23M 38M
FROM THE CORRIDOR DOOR OF SLEEPING ROOM TO THE NEAREST EXIT 30M 61M
FROM A SLEEPING ROOM ENTRANCE DOOR TO THE NEAREST EXIT FOR EXTERIOR WAYS OR EXIT ACCESS 61M 61M
2 COMMON PATH LIMIT NFPA 101 TABLE A.7.6 10.7M 15M
3 DEAD-END CORRIDOR NFPA 101 TABLE A.7.6 10.7M 15M
4 EXIT DISCHARGE    
  EXTERIOR DISCHARGE COMPLYING WITH NFPA 101 REQUIRED
  DISCHARGE THROUGH AREAS ON LEVEL OF EXIT DISCHARGE MAXIMUM 10M TRAVEL DISTANCE TO BUILDING EXTERNAL PERMITTED
50% OF THE REQUIRED NUMBER OF EXITS & 50% OF THE REQUIRED EXIT CAPACITY (SPRINKLER PROTECTED) PERMITTED
5 EXTERIOR WAYS OF EXIT COMPLYING WITH NFPA 101 PERMITTED
6 ACCESIBLE MEANS OF EGRESS EXIT PROVISIONS FOR PEOPLE WITH SEVERE MOBILITY IMPAIRMENT (NOT LESS THAN 2 EXITS REQUIRED) REQUIRED
7 ILLUMINATION OF MEANS OF EGRESS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
8 EMERGENCY LIGHTING COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
9 MARKINGS OF MEANS OF EGRESS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 REQUIRED
F SPECIAL MEANS OF EGRESS PROVISIONS    
1 FIREMEN ACCESS PANELS HABITABLE HEIGHT EXCEEDING 10M REQUIRED
2 REFUGE FLOORS BUILDING EXCEEDING 30 STORIES NOT APPLICABLE
3 ELEVATORS FOR OCCUPANT CONTROLLED EVACUATION PRIOR TO PHASE 1 EMERGENCY RECALL OPERATIONS COMPLYING WITH CHAPTER 7 NFPA 101 PERMITTED

Low rise Dormitory and Accomodations

HEIGHT & AREA ALLOWED

Height: < 15m

Area: < 500 sqm 


DORMITORY & ACCOMMODATION BUILDINGS 

COLLEGE DORMITORIES / STUDENT HOUSING / MILITARY BARRACKS / LABOR/WORKERS & STAFF HOUSING.

A BUILDING OR GROUP OF BUILDINGS THAT PROVIDES SLEEPING ACCOMMODATIONS ON A TRANSIENT OR PERMANENT BASIS WITH OR WITHOUT MEALS BUT WITHOUT SEPARATE COOKING FACILITIES FOR INDIVIDUAL OCCUPANTS