QCD – Sample Inspection Comments

Compliance
Yes No N/A
1. Fireman’s access panel shall be provided as per CDD requirements.
a. Fire department access panels shall be tempered glass as per NFPA 5000, Chapter 46, Section 5.3.1.

b. Fireman’s access panel shall be posted by wordings “Fire Fighting Access-Do not Obstruct” of at least 25mm height on the internal side.

c. Access panel shall be readily operable from inside and outside, unless fitted by breakable glazing.

d. Location of fire engine hard standing with proper and suitable markings preferably reflective that is visible at night not provided as per CDD approved plan.

e. Fire engine hard standing post side signs displaying the wordings “Fire Engine Access-Keep Clear” shall be provided at the entrance of fire engine hardstanding. Size of wording shall not be less than 50mm.

f. Submit the fire engine hardstanding certificate showing the ground floor slab is capable of carrying an imposed stationary load of 45 Tons indicating design criteria (Kn/sq.m.).

g. Submit the site development plan showing fire vehicle access, exit discharge and the breeching inlets.

2. Exit staircase shall be completely enclosed and separated to other parts of the building by fire resistive construction materials of at least 2-hours fire rating access thru listed self-closing fire rated door assemblies of not less than 2-hour fire protection rating equipped with approved and listed positive self-latching hardware as per approved CDD plans.
a. Most of exit staircase fire rated metal doors not provided with approved type fire exit hardware latch. Check and rectify.

b. Self-closing device of fire rated door (metal & wooden) not provided with manufacturers name/logo and listing mark and fire protection rating.

c. Push-bar hardware latch installed on fire rated door shall provided with listing mark, manufacturer’s name/logo and fire protection rating.

d. Submit the installation construction methodology, listing manufacturer’s catalogue, fire resistance certificate, listing test report and valid CDD approved certificate of gypsum board partitions for proper validation.

3. All fire rated metal & wooden doors shall bear with manufacturer’s name/logo and listing mark and fire protection rating.
a. All hinges and self-closing device installed on fire rated doors shall be provided with listing mark, manufacturer’s name/logo, and fire protection rating (for self-closing device).

b. Vision panel installed on fire rated door shall be provided with listing mark, manufacturer’s Name/logo, fire resistance rating and standard fire test.

c. Guest room shall be provided be 1-hr fire rated door equipped with approved type self-closing device as per approved CDD plans.

d. Telephone room, garbage room and service lift lobby shall be provided with 1.5hr fire rated door assembly equipped with approved type self-closing device as per approved CDD plans.

e. Submit listing manufacturer’s catalogue, test report, and valid CDD product certificates of all fire rated door assemblies installed including the vision panel/glaze for proper validation.

4. Staircase shall be provided with handrails on both sides and shall be continuously graspable along their entire length and the handrail ends shall return to wall or floor or terminates to its newel post as per NFPA 101.
a. Wall surface side of staircase shall be provided with handrail that continuously graspable along their entire length and handrail ends not returned to wall or floor or terminates to its newel post. Check and rectify.

b. The walking surface of each element in the means of egress shall be uniformly slip resistant along the natural path of travel particularly the staircases. Non slip resistant material shall be provided.

c. Exit staircase door shall not be locked from egress and ingress side. If locked from ingress side, a re-entry floor shall be provided. There shall be not less than two levels where it is possible to leave the stair enclosure to access another exit. Re-entry floors shall be identified and properly marked such on the stair side of the door leaf.

5. Floor level indicator inside the staircase shall be complied with NFPA 101. Enclosed stairs serving three or more stories shall be provided with floor level indicator that depicts the following:
a. The stairs shall be provided with special signage within the enclosure at each floor landing.

b. The signage shall indicate the floor level.

c. The signage shall indicate terminus of the top and bottom of the staircase.

d. The signage shall indicate the identification of the stair enclosure.

e. The signage shall indicate the floor level of, and the direction to, exit discharged.

f. The signage shall be located inside the enclosure approximately 60 in. (1525 mm) above the floor landing in a position that is visible when the door is in the open or closed position.

g. The signage shall be painted or stenciled on the wall or on a separate sign securely attached to the wall. The stairway identification letter shall be located at the top of the sign in minimum 1 in. (25 mm) high lettering.

h. Signage that reads “NO ROOF ACCESS” and is located under the stairway identification letter shall designate stairways that do not provide roof access. Lettering shall be a minimum of 1 in. (25 mm) high.

6. Two exit doors at the level of discharge (ground floor) shall not be locked from the egress side. A durable, visible sign of not less than 1in (25mm) high shall be provided to the door “DOOR TO REMAIN UNLOCKED WHEN THE BUILDING IS OCCUPIED”.

7. All vertical openings such as duct chases, shafts, garbage chute, lifts, etc shall be completely enclosed and separated to other parts of the building of at least 2-hours fire rating and its access door/panel shall be fire rated of not less than 1½ hours fire protection rating equipped by self-closing device and positive latch.

a. Access door of garbage chute and lift doors shall be provided with listing mark and fire protection rating.

8. All penetrations, gaps on vertical and horizontal wall and slabs shall be sealed and closed by approved fire stopping materials.
a. All penetrations of pipes on fire rated walls/floors shall have pipe sleeves and its annular space shall be properly sealed by approved fire stopping materials.

b. All electrical cables, conduits and ducts penetrations thru fire rated walls/floors shall be properly sealed with approved fire stopping materials.

c. Fire stopping materials applications shall bear by appropriate tagging indicating the type of materials used, rating, applicator, date of applied, and name & signature of DRI (designated responsible individual).

d. Submit “letter of confirmation” prepared by the supervising consultant stating that all penetrations, gaps on vertical and horizontal wall and slabs are sealed and closed by approved fire stopping materials (with signature over printed name, ID No and company stamp).

e. Submit in the system the CDD approved product certificate for fire stopping materials used in the project.

9. All lifts shall be individually identified and marked according to its arrangement and number (e.g. Passenger Lift #1, # 2, Fire lift, Service lift, etc.).

“In Case of Fire do not Use Lift” in Arabic/English signage shall be provided on all lift lobbies. Homing on alternate floor shall be provided.

Lifts shall home to ground upon receipt of fire alarm.

Operation of fire lift shall be upon activation of fireman’s switch. Emergency operation shall be in accordance with NFPA 101 Item 9.4.3 and FSS 6.6.3.

Lifts shall be provided with Safety Instruction inside and outside the lift cabins.

Provision of Emergency Landing Device (ELD) to bring the lift to the nearest floor in case of power failure shall be provided.

Lifts shall be interfaced with the building fire alarm system.

Elevator shall be provided with shunt-trip interfaced to fire alarm system. Location of shunt-trip shall be at least 1-meter from the controller.

Manual reset shall be done at the lift machine room and not in the fire alarm control panel’s de-activation.

Fire/Elevator pit shall be provided with appropriate drains and sump pump. The sump pumps / drain shall be capable of removing the water a minimum of 11.4 m3/h (3,000 gal/h) per elevator per ASME A17.1. Per ASME A17.1, permanent provisions shall be made to prevent accumulation of ground water in the elevator pit.

Sump pump controller shall not be located inside the elevator shaft.

As per NFPA 5000, In buildings of more than three stories an ambulance stretcher lift shall be provided and comply with the following;
The elevator car shall be sized and arranged to accommodate a 2 ft × 6 ft 4 in. (610 mm × 930 mm) ambulance stretcher in the horizontal, open position.

The elevator car shall be identified by the international symbol for emergency medical services (star of life). The symbol shall be minimum 3 in. (75 mm) in height and shall be located inside the car on both sides of the door frame.

Hence, justify non-provision of ambulance stretcher lift and substantiate the justification with NFPA Code and pertinent document.

10. Fire command center shall be completely enclosed and separated to other parts of the building by fire resistive construction materials of at least 2-hours with independent ventilation system & emergency lighting system and its shall be connected to emergency power supply system. At the time of inspection, designated fire command center not completely enclosed by fire resistive construction materials of at least 2-hours fire rating and its access door assemblies not fire rated of at least 1½ hours fire rating.

10.1. Ventilation system and emergency lighting system of fire command center shall be connected to emergency power supply system and its cables shall be fire rated of at least 2¬hours fire rating.

10.2. The emergency command center should contain the following:
a. Voice fire alarm system panels and controls

b. Fire department two-way telephone communication service panels and controls where required by another section of this Code.

c. Fire detection and fire alarm system annunciation panels.

d. Elevator floor location and operation annunciators.

e. Elevator fire recall switch in accordance with ASME A17.1/CSA B44, Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators.

f. Elevator emergency power selector switch (es) where provided in accordance with ASME A17.1/CSA B44.

g. Sprinkler valve and water flow annunciators.

h. Emergency generator status indicators.

i. Controls for any automatic stairway door unlocking system.

j. Fire pump status indicators.

k. Fire fighter smoke control switch panel.

11. Identification marking for;

a. Mechanical equipment room

b. Fire pump room

c. Electrical room

d. Other important building services/room shall be provided.

12. Every exit staircase doors and exit door leading outside shall be provided with word illuminated “EXIT” with Arabic translation installed on top of the exit door. The word “EXIT” shall not be less than 6″ (150mm) in height with width letters of not less than 2″ (51mm) as per NFPA 101.

a. Designated exit door shall be provided with illuminated exit signs mounted perpendicular on the top of exit door for more visibly and defined.

b. An appropriate signage and markings shall be provided directing the occupants towards the exit staircase. The rated viewing distance should be considered to be 100 ft (30 m).

13. Motion sensor for emergency lighting system inside exit staircases shall have fail safe features that in case of power failure and device malfunction will automatically switch on the emergency lighting system.

14. Initial test shall be verified in the inspection.
Evacuation speakers shall be functioning, check and rectify.

Access/electrically controlled doors along means/routes of egress shall be interfaced with fire alarm system and shall have fail safe features that will unlocked during activation of alarm and power failure respectively.

Fire alarm circuits shall be identified at terminal and junction locations in a manner that will prevent unintentional interference as per NFPA 70. Disconnecting means & unfused spur unit for fire alarm system shall be provided with markings “Do Not Switch Off – Fire Alarm System”.

Provide calculations for battery stand-by-power supply taking into consideration the power requirements of all alarms, initiating devices and auxiliary components under full load conditions for Fire Detection & Alarm System. Secondary supply shall have sufficient capacity to operate the system under normal condition for a minimum of 24 hrs and at the end of that period shall be capable of operating all alarm notification devices for a minimum of 10 mins.

Submit in the system the updated testing and commissioning report of FDAS done by the contractor and duly acknowledged and approved by the supervising consultant (with “Record of Completion” as per NFPA 72 format).

Each floor shall be provided with zone chart. Zone Chart that clearly depicts using colors and symbols, the location of all fire zones, the type and location of all initiating devices on that floor and “YOU ARE HERE” indication marking. Hence, justify non provision of Zone Chart.

CAMS (Central Alarm Monitoring Station) or automatic notification of Civil Defence Department shall be provided.

Submit approved and final Cause & Effect Matrix showing the sequence of operation of all active system indicating what will occur during the fire alarm activation / simulation.

Provide detectors inside ceiling void more than 800mm.

Any defects found during re-test of the system will be included in the succeeding report.

15. Fireman two-way communication service shall be provided at fire command center, every elevator car, every elevator lobby, each floor level of exit stairs and inside the fire pump room. At the time of inspection, it has been noted that the subject building is provided with telephone jack instead of fireman two-way communication service handset; hence, justify the provision of telephone jack and substantiate the justification with NFPA Code and pertinent document.

15.1. Justify non-provision of Fireman two-way communication service @ every elevator car.

15.2. Two way fire telephones shall be capable of permitting the simultaneous operation of any five telephone stations in a common talk as per NFPA 72.

15.3. Wiring circuit shall be monitored for open and short-circuit and fault conditions shall result in a trouble signal in Control Panel as per NFPA 72.

16. Some smoke detectors are still provided with protective cover particularly at concealed ceiling and some portion of the building. Check & rectify.

a. AHU’s and pressurization inlet supply duct shall be provided with smoke duct detectors.

b. Duct detectors sampling inlet tube provided inside air duct with more than 3 ft (914mm) wide shall be rigidly supported inside or rigidly mounted to the wall of the duct with sensing element protruding into the duct and with an access door to its adjacent side of the duct.

c. Duct detectors and spot type detectors shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendation and NFPA 72 respectively.

d. Justify non-provision of smoke detector in some rooms (bedrooms, walk-in-closets, store rooms, etc) or building services with an area of more than 4.6 m2 per NFPA 72 requirements.

e. Submit CDD approved product certificates, manufacturer’s technical specifications and installation details for the complete set of the device i.e. smoke duct detector, sampling inlet tube, return tube and mounting box and spot type detector.

17. Emergency lighting shall have a minimum illumination of at least 10 ft-candle (108 lux), measured at the walking surfaces within the stairs and the minimum illumination for floors and walking surfaces, other than stairs, shall be to values of at least 1 ft-candle (10.8 lux), measured at the floor per NFPA 101 requirement.

a. Submit in the system updated LUX reading report for emergency lighting (tabulated lux reading per floor and its locations were properly specify in the report), duly acknowledged and approved by the supervising consultant (with signature over printed name, ID No. and company stamped) and to be validated in the next inspection.

18. Test will be done upon completion of other requirements and integration of other system. (including generation)
a. Submit updated acceptable T&C report for generator sets including power restoration time in compliance with applicable codes and standards duly signed & stamped by the consultant.

b. New generator controllers shall be monitored by the Fire Alarm & Detection System (FDAS), where provided or at an attended location, for the following as per NFPA 101

– Generator running

– Generator fault

– Generator switch in non-automatic position

c. Submit functional test of Automatic Transfer Switch (ATS) for power change-over of Kharamaa (main power supply) to emergency power (diesel generator set) simulating an alarm (life safety & fire protection) with essential loads connected to the system.

d. Submit volumetric fuel calculation capacity of generator diesel fuel and its capacity shall be clearly indicated on the tank.

e. Provide identification/labeling in fuel supply system such as on fuel supply line, vent line and infill line.

f. Provide appropriate marking and caution signs in the diesel fuel tank.

g. Visual fuel indicator or sight glass made of non-combustible materials shall be provided in fuel storage tank.

h. There shall be no shut-off valve in the fuel return lines.

i. A lockable manual shut-off valve shall be provided in the fuel supply lines.

j. Appropriate labeling and identification markings shall be provided in the fuel lines system.

19. Initial test of fire pumps was discontinued at the time of inspection. The installation of fire pumps shall be in accordance with NFPA 20 Standard. Another round of testing shall be done upon completion of the following sub-items mentioned below:
a. That the discharge pressure electric pump in a 150% performance test was observed less than 150 PSI and discontinued.

b. That the pump alignment test report and hydro test report was not presented in site.

c. That the cut-in pressure of diesel engine pump was not meet the presented posted pressure.

d. That the water flow meter shall be relocated & visible.

e. That the cut-in & cut-out pressure posted in pump controllers shall be provided.

f. That the diesel engine fire pumps, electric fire pumps & jockey pump was not provided with grounding conductor as per NFPA 70.

g. That during the actual test was observed erratic/variable reading on the pressure gauge and flow meter.

h. That the calibration certificate of pressure gauges was not presented at the time of test.

i. That the module boxes mounted on wall shall be provided with water proof and CDD approved material.

j. That the power cable installed shall be fire rated material and CDD approved.

k. That the actual installed of suction pipe diameter was noticed undersize. Check & verify as per NFPA-13.

l. That the NEMA-2 enclosure installed identifies as water dripping not water splashing. Check & provide protection.

m. That the power cable-termination box shall be water proof material.

n. That the fire pumps activation or any fault indication such as power failure, fail to start, loss phase, phase reversal, low battery, etc. shall be interfaced and monitored by FACP.

o. That the alarm motor gong shall be installed and located at the external side of the building.

p. That the emergency light shall be provided.

Submit and upload the updated in the system and complete fire pumps acceptable testing and commissioning report signed/stamped by the consultant as per NFPA 20.

20. A separate and dedicated ventilation system must be provided for the fire pump room.
a. The ventilation system must draw fresh air directly from outside the building.

b. Exhaust fans must be rated for hot gases at 250°C for 2 hours.

21. Diesel fuel tank installation shall be in accordance to NFPA 20 standards. The following items shall be provided:
a. Provide marking for diesel fuel tank capacity.

b. Visual fuel indicator or sight glass made of non-combustible materials shall be provided in fuel tank.

c. Provide identification/labeling in fuel supply system such as on fuel supply, vent line and infill line.

d. Identification/labeling of outdoor pipe exhaust & filling inlet.

e. Sufficient spillage containment in conformance with NFPA 37.

f. Reminders:
– Vent outlet height is less than 12 ft (3.6m) above the adjacent ground level.
– Fuel outlet shall terminate at least 5 ft (1.5m) from building openings.
Submit volumetric calculation of diesel fuel storage tank.
22. Fire water storage tank shall be provided with the following:
a. Visual water level indicator of non-combustible construction.

b. Anti-vortex plate assembly.

c. Overflow drain shall be extended to the nearest drain pit.

d. The effective capacity shall also be clearly indicated on the tank in lettering of a minimum height of 100mm.

Submit in the system the calculation of duration the filling time of fire water tank storage.
23. Provide sufficient ceiling access panel for sprinkler system zone control valve with proper markings. The minimum access panel opening shall be 450 mm x 450 mm and shall be located at common and accessible location.

24. All control valves shall be provided with supervisory switch interfaced/monitored to fire alarm control panel.

25. Installation of sprinkler system, standpipe riser and sprinkler riser shall be accordance with NFPA 13 & 14. The following shall be done upon the completion of sub-items below mentioned.
a. That the automatic air vent (AAV) shall be provided and located at roof.

b. Each zone control valve assembly shall be provided with appropriate pressure gauges located in the downstream and upstream of the feed main piping.

c. Fire hose reel is provided with PRV and gate valve; hence, justify the provision of PRV and non-listed gate valve and substantiate the justification with pertinent document.

d. All sprinkler heads in the garbage chute and elevator shaft shall be protected with by stout metal guards.

e. That the bottom of the elevator lifts shall be provided with sprinkler at not more than 610mm (24 inches) distance from the floor of the pit.

f. That the sprinkler spray coverage shall not obstructed of some lighting fixtures, cable trays, fire pipes, drainage pipes, etc., also by structural beam.

g. That the ZCV drain pipe and ITC drain shall be provided by proper identification permanently marked, weatherproof metal & rigid plastic signs; and labels for all access panels at ceiling and shall be the drain pipe extended in the nearest drain.

h. That the FIRE DEPARTMENT CONNECTION – WET STAND PIPE RISER shall be provided with proper acceptable labeling for breeching inlet glass fronted cover.

i. Reminder: All rooms more than 5.1 m2 shall be provided with sprinkler system except for dedicated electrical rooms and not used as storage of any combustible materials as per NFPA 13 requirements.

26. A supply of at least six spare of each type of sprinklers (never fewer than six) with special sprinkler wrench shall be maintained, provided and kept in the cabinet on the premises so that any sprinklers that have operated or been damaged in any way can be promptly replaced as per NFPA 13.

27. All portable fire extinguishers shall be conspicuously located, available, accessible and clear from any obstructions, with proper signage’s and shall maintain in good working conditions at all times. The minimum capacity of portable fire extinguishers for building fire protection must be not less than 4.54 kg.

a. All enclosures protected by FM 200 fire suppression system must be subjected to an Enclosure Integrity Test. The test shall be performed by a qualified tester acceptable to the QCDD and shall be witnessed by QCDD. Submit test report approved and stamped by consultant.

b. The FM 200 Control Panel shall be connected to the Building Fire Alarm Control Panel (FACP) and shall provide Alarm, Gas Discharged and Fault indications on the FACP.

c. Clean agent protected rooms shall be provided with illuminated signs, such as “DO NOT ENTER – GAS DISCHARGE” installed in external and above all entrances and above the exits “EVACUATE NOW – GAS DISCHARGE” with a minimum of lettering of 50.0 mm high and shall be visible at all times.

d. Caution signs shall be provided outside the protected areas of Clean Agent System “This room is protected with Clean Agent System, Do Not Enter In Case Of Alarm”.

e. Manual pull station shall be provided in every designated exit door outside the protected room.

f. A manual mechanical means of discharging the required agent shall be provided on the storage container. Clean agent cylinders shall be located outside the protected room.

g. Provide appropriate labels of tank capacity for proper verification.

h. Manual Release Push Button shall be provided external to the protected enclosure and mounted within 1.5 meters of the main entrance and designated exit doorway with proper label “Manual Gas Release Station” and shall have protective cover for accidental release of agent and tampering of all clean agent automatic fire suppression systems.

i. Abort switch shall be provided inside the protected room with proper label and mounted within 1.5 meters of the main entrance and designated exit doorway of all clean agent automatic fire suppression systems.

j. All rooms protected with clean agent system shall be airtight with minimum infiltration in accordance with NFPA 2001. Doors shall be equipped with self-closing devices.

k. Provide calculations for battery stand-by-power supply taking into consideration the power requirements of all alarms, initiating devices and auxiliary components under full load conditions of FM 200 system done by the contractor and duly signed & stamped by the supervising consultant.

l. Submit all the room integrity test report with peak pressure value and functional report for all the rooms done by the contractor and duly signed & stamped by the supervising consultant.

Note: Any defects/deficiencies during testing may be included in the succeeding report.
29. Submit hydrostatic pressure testing and flushing report for the sprinkler system done by the contractor and witnessed, acknowledged, signed/stamped by the supervising consultant.

30. All fire-fighting pipes that penetrates the rated wall and slabs shall be provided by pipe sleeve as per NFPA 13 requirements.

31.
a. Submit updated tabulated test data done by certified contractor for SPD (Static Pressure Differential) per floor witnessed, approved, and signed with stamped by the supervising consultant. The static pressure reading shall be at 50 Pascal when all doors are closed, 25 Pascal if one door open and 12.5 Pascal for three doors open.

b. Submit the updated testing & commissioning report for smoke control and ventilation system of podium level, parking area, done by the accredited/certified contractor, duly witnessed and approved by the supervising consultant (with signature over printed name, ID No. and company stamp).

c. Thorough test of pressurization system and smoke control & ventilation system shall be done upon submission. Any defects found during test will be included in the succeeding report.

32. All air ducts that penetrates thru fire rated walls and floors shall be provided with approved type of fire damper with the same fire rating of the fire rated wall or floor and provided with maintenance of access (access door / panel) which shall be large enough to allow inspection and maintenance of the damper and its operating parts.
a. Fusible links shall have a temperature rating of not less than 71°C (160F) as per NFPA 90A.

b. Submit the type of fire damper its fire resistance rating, fusible link batch number (serial) and the location installed.

c. Air transfer duct installed along the fire rated separation wall shall be provided with appropriate fire damper and air transfer grilles.

d. Installed fire damper and motorized damper shall be provided with listing label, manufacturer’s name/logo and fire protection rating.

e. Adequate access shall be provided for fire dampers with appropriate marking.

f. Submit valid CDD approved product certificate of all installed/used fire dampers and to be validate.

33. Submit calculation for Basement Ventilation Systems (Sufficient make-up air should be provided to satisfy the exhaust air requirements and attain a 10ACH @ fire mode).

a. Submit the CDD approved product certificates and technical specifications/catalogues of ventilation equipment provided in the building.

34. Firefighter Smoke Control Panel shall be provided inside FCC room adjacent to Fire Alarm Control Panel. Check and provide.
a.
Smoke control fans shall be provided with rotary selector switch and indicating light for each fan that indicates the following: Manual Yellow
Off Red
Automatic Green

35. Submit the QCDD approved product VALID and UPDATED certificates of all life and fire safety materials used/installed in the project and to be validated. Tabulated list of materials shall also be provided and submitted. The devices shall be validated on against the QCDD certificate

– Fire alarm system & its appurtenances
– Fire Telephone
– Lift
– Fire Pipes, valves, sprinklers, etc.
– FM-200 & its appurtenances
Reminders: Submit of all catalogs/brochures of all the safety products used and installed on the building.
36. Submit the Final Acceptance Testing and Commissioning Report of the following System/Equipment; witnessed, accepted, signed and stamped by the supervising consultant; as follows:
a. Fire Fighting System / Fire pump Field acceptance test (Hydro-testing & Flushing Report with approved system flushing methodology) as per NFPA 20/25 requirements.

b. Fire pumps shaft alignment report & hydraulic calculation based on actual equipment installed done by the contractors and duly acknowledged, signed/stamped by the supervising consultant.

c. Fire Pump performance test with tabulation of reading compare to design and actual results.

d. FDAS in accordance with NFPA 72 including the Record of Completion.

e. Passenger/Lift System

f. EPSS System

g. ACMV System (smoke control system)

h. Lux test reading report for emergency lights.

i. Integrity test.


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