Definitions

AMBULANCE STRETCHER LIFT
Required in buildings of more than three stories, a minimum of one elevator shall be provided for fire fighter emergency operation to all floors. The elevator car shall be sized and arranged to accomodate 610mm x 1930mm stretcher in the horizontal open position.
BREECHING INLET
A connection through which the Civil Defense Fire Department can pump supplemental water into the sprinkler system, standpipe, or other system, furnishing water for fire extinguishment to supplement existing water supplies. Buildings fitted with standpipes and automatic sprinkler system shall have access ways for pumping appliances within 18 m of the breeching inlet. The breeching inlets shall be visible from the access ways.
DOOR SWING
Doors must typically swing in the direction of egress travel when serving;

  • A High-Hazard occupancy of any occupant load.
  • Any occupancy type with an occupant load of 50 or more occupants (consult the code for exceptions).
EXIT, EXIT ACCESS, EXIT DISCHARGE
Means of egress is broken into three parts, the exit access, the exit, and the exit discharge.

  • An exit access is a door in the means of egress that leads into the safety of an exit.
  • The exit, itself, can be either a protected corridor or a protected staircase leading to an exit discharge.
  • The exit discharge is the travel between the door at the end of the corridor or stairway and the public way. The door, itself, is usually thought to be part of the exit and not the exit discharge.
FIRE ACCESS LEVEL
Level where Civil Defense Fire Appliances (Fire Truck/Engine) are deployed and where fire fighters have direct access into the building.
FIRE ACCESS PANEL
Opening on external wall for external fire fighting and rescue operation.
FIRE ENGINE ACCESS ROAD
The road to the building or structure to allow access for Civil Defense fire-fighting and rescue apparatus.
FIRE ENGINE ACCESS WAY
The path adjacent to the building or structure to allow operational setup for Civil Defense fire-fighting and rescue apparatus such as Aerial Appliances.
See UAE Requirements here.
See QCD Requirements here.
LANDING VALVE
A 65 mm diameter water outlet normally located inside or near the staircase landing for trained or Civil Defense fire fighters to use during fire.
FIRE HYDRANT
See requirements for public fire hydrant here.
FIRE LIFT
Fire Lift is required in any building which is classified as high-rise of high depth building having more than 2 level of basement, there shall be provided at least one fire lift, which shall be contained within a separate protected shaft or a common protected shaft containing other lifts subject to such other lifts being served at each storey by a fire fighting lobby.
The minimum dimension of a Fire lift car shall be of 1950mm either in length of breadth.See also the ‘ambulance stretcher lift’ size.
FIRE FIGHTING LOBBY
The fire fighting lobby shall have a clear floor area of not less than 5 sqm. The clear floor area should not exceed 20 sqm for for spaces serving up to four lifts or 5 sqm per lift for spaces serving more than four lifts.
LANDING VALVE
See Requirements here
FIRE COMMAND CENTER
See Requirements here
FLOOR DIAGRAM
Floor Diagrams shall show the actual floor layout, exit stairways locations, corridors, rooms, landing valves, hosereel, fire extinguishers, lift lobbies and other useful information for fire department as well as occupants.A floor diagram shall be provided in staircase landings on the wall beside the exit door. Floor diagrams shall also be provided beside fire alarm panels, in smoke-free enclosures, in fire fighting lobbies and in individual rooms of hotels and health care occupancies.
LABOR ACCOMODATION
Labor Accomodations include buildings or spaces in buildings where sleeping accomodation is provided for workers, with or without meals, but without individual cooking facilities. The phrase “without individual cooking facilities” refers to the absence of cooking equipment in any room or unit.
MANUAL CALL POINTS
See Requirements here
FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEMS
See Requirements here
FLASHERS (STROBE LIGHTS)
Speakers with flashers (strobe lights) shall be provided for basement car parks, mechanical or machine rooms, large machining room areas of factories (more than 5000sqm) and at locations where the ambient noise level is 75 db or more.
EMERGENCY VOICE COMMUNICATION
Emergency Voice Communication (EVC) ia a system that is interlinked with the fire alarm to give evacuation or emergency messages throughout the premises for all occupants. (See Requirements here)
REVOLVING DOOR
see requirements here
TACTILE SIGN
a common means of communication used by people with both a sight and hearing impairment, which is based on a standard system of Deaf manual signs. (Source: Wikipedia)

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